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PROF. KUNJA LAL DATTA, M.A., Vedanta-Shastri 
Ex-Professor, M.B.B. College, Agartala 

Approved By : 

M.A., Ph. D. (Chicago, U.S.A) 

Publisher : 

Sri M ah an am bra t a 
Cultural & Welfare Trust SRI 
Raghunathpur, V.I.P. Road, Calcutta- 
700 059 

Available at : 

(i) Mahanam Angan, Raghunathpur, VIP 
Rd. Calcutta-59, Ph. 033-5594466 

(ii) Sri Mahesh Library 

2/1, Shyama Charan Dey St. Cal-700 
073, Ph. 033-2417479 

Edition : 

First Edition on 25th 
Decembar, 1999 

Price : Rs. 25 

(iii) New York Mahanam Sevak Sangha 82- 
22266 Street! Floral Park 
New York- 11004 

(iv) Mahaprakash Math 

42/2, Hatkhola Raod Dhaka- 
1203, Bangladesh Ph. 02- 

(v) Bandhu Kunj 

164, Brahma Kund 

P.O. Brundavan 

Dt. Mathura; U.P. India. 

Ph. 0565-443253 

(vi) Shre Shre Prabhu Jagadbandhu 
Dham P.O. Dahapara Dt. 
Murshidabad; W.B. India. 
Ph. 03483-20344. 

Printer : 

Jyoti Leser Point 

63/21), Surya Sen Street, Cal-9 

Ph : 241-9473 

(vii) Shre Shre Prabhu 

Jagadbandhu Lilangan 

171, Ramesh, Dutta Street. 
Cal-6; W.B.; India 
Ph. 033-5337655 











I N 

CHICAGO, U.S.A., 1933 




Publisher's Note 

We are extremely happy to present before our readers, 
those knowing no Bengali, a short account of life and 
philosophy of Prabhu Jagadbandhu. In this, a cherished 
desire of our spiritual master, Mahamahopadhyay (Dr.) 
Mahanambrata Brahmachari, M.A. (Gold Medalist), Ph. D. 
(Chicago, USA.) is fulfilled as there has been want of such a 
book in English. Dr. Brahmachariji's mission of life is to 
preach and propagate the philosophy and teaching of Prabhu 
Jagadbandhu for the welfare of mankind. He sincerely 
believes that the advent of Prabhu Jagadbandhu (1871) 
during the period of Renaissance of Bengal of 19th Century 
was to save the world and people from destruction. 

Prabhu Jagadbandhu wrote in 1895 foretelling that an 
era of great devastation (Mahapralaya) was in the offing. 
Brahmacharyya (restraint) in personal life and chanting of 
Harinama in Community existence could alone save the 
humanity. Prabhu, worked silently beyond the notice of all 
to counter the forces of destruction and infusing strength for 
the spread of ljarinama. 

Believing in the prophesy of Prabhu Jagadbandhu we 
apprehend greater calamity and devastation to befall the lot 
of humanity in the years to come. So the life, teaching and 
gospels of Prabhu Jagadbandhu have a bearing most 
beneficial to the world. 

Dr. Brahmachariji considered scholar Prof. Kunja Lai 
Datta competent for the work and requested him 
accordingly. Prof. Datta depicted the life of Prabhu with 
scanty material available with him. But he had done really 
a commendable work in presenting the philosophy of 

Prabhu Jagadbandhu. His amiable and good unassuming 
nature is explicit at places where he made a personal 
reference of himself. 

The entire expenses for the printing and publication of 
this booklet have been paid by Prof. (Dr.) Kalyan Bandhu 
Datta, son of the author. 

Assuming that darker days are ahead, we hope that this 
small book will give light to many, make them interested in 
the teachings and gospels of Prabhu Jagadbandhu and 
ensure peace and happiness in their lives. 

Mahalaya Day, 

the 9th, October, 1999 Publisher. 


I had the fortune to have the intimate association of the 
internationally acclaimed Vaisnava Scholar and orator, 
Dr. Mahanambrata Brahmachari, M.A. (Sanskrit & 
Philosophy) and Ph. D. (Chicago, U.S.A.). He is an earnest 
devotee of Sri Sri Prabhu Jagadbandhu and is the 
President of Mahanam Sampradaya, Sri Angan Ashram 
Faridpur, now Bangladesh. He used to visit several places 
of Agartala every year on religious lecture tours. His 
profound knowledge and enchanting oratory captivated 
many of us. I could not part with his company so long as he 
was at our place in Agartala. 

My association with Dr. Brahmachari gradually turned 
into deep and close intimacy which made me interested in 
the life and teaching of Sri Sri Prabhu Jagadbandhu. There 
was a dearth of life history of Prabhu Jagadbandhu in 
English language. One day Dr. Brahmachariji requested me 
to write a short life-sketch of Prabhu Jagadbandhu in 
English and that within a very short time. I was not an 
English scholar and was aware of my limitation. But I 
could not say 'no' at the request of that great personality. 
His words were no less than orders to me. 

I am happy to comply with the order of Dr. 
Mahanambrata Brahmachariji. At the same time I must 
confess that the mysterious advent and supernatural life 
and activities of Prabhu Jagadbandhu are beyond the 
power of my comprehension. 

I consider myself the vilest creature on earth and, 
therefore, crave the indulgence of the generous and noble- 
hearted readers for such an attempt on my part. 

In conclusion, I express my deep gratitude to the authors 
of existing Bengali works on the life and teaching of 
Prabhu Jagadbandhu, from which I had to gather most of 
my materials for this book, besides the narratives of a few 
devotees who had the fortune to be associates of Prabhu 

My labour and endeavour will be fruitful if the readers 
find interest and pleasure in the life of Prabhu 

Joy Jagadbandhu. 

K. L. Datta. 




1 . Background 1 

2. Parentage & Birth of Prabhu 2 

3. Childhood 4 

4. Boyhood 6 

5. Youth (1293-1308 B.E.) 9 

6. At Vrindavan 15 

7. At Brahmankanda & Bakchar 17 

8. HariKatha 20 

9. At Bakchar 23 

10. At Brahmankanda, Pabna & Nabadwip 26 

11. In Calcutta & Dacca 31 

12. At Goalchamat Sriangan 38 

1 3 . Post-youth period 44 

14. End of Closetedness and the last Chapter 52 

1 5 . Appendix-A Writings 59 

1 6 . Appendix-B His Teachings and Instructions 61 

17. C. His Philosophy 63 

18. D. Some Excellences over His Previous Lila 68 

19. E. Sevaks of Prabhu 69 



Padmasana-Samasinam padmapalasa-lochanam 

Smaradarpahara-smeram smarami Bandhu-sundaram" 

(Seated in the padmasana posture, having eyes like the petals of a 
lotus, smiling and humbling the pride of Cupid-this Bandhusundar I 

The twentieth century, which is about to end its tenure soon, had 
witnessed two world wars. The wanton destruction of millions of 
human lives, the reckless devastation of valuable properties and the 
brutal atrocities perpetrated then had no parallel in history. The 
extraordinary development in the spheres of education, art, 
literature, technology and science since the days of Industrial 
Revolution in England upto the post World-War period made 
educated people to think the modern scientific age as most 
progressive and cultured. But the inhuman cruelty and horried 
torture meted out by the inimical powers had shattered all our 
credence to civilized norms of aesthetics, morality and prudence. 
The so called crusade or war-time propaganda of U.S.A. and allied 
powers that they were "Waging war to end war" appeared to be a 
blatant lie. Since the end of the Second World War the Big Powers 
were engrossed heart and soul in producing arms and ammunition of 
far greater destructive power. The scientists were employed to assist 
them in that heinous and nefarious job, resulting in the invovation 
and possession of nuclear weapons and bombs. The magnitude of 
destruction of those is so vast as to bring total annihilation of the 
world in a few moments. 

Prabhu Jagadbandhusundar of Sriangan, Faridpur. (now in 
Bangladesh) had visualised more than a hundred years back this 
perilous state of the world. He wrote "Mahapralaya Elo" i.e. the 
total annihilation of the mundane creation was imminent. The "Koli 
Yuga", the dark age of Koli was over as it suffered an infantile death at 
the advent of Sri Gouranga Mahaprabhu, the Divine Being and 

chanting and propagation of Harinama by His associates and 
followers. At present, according to Prabhu Jagadbandhu, the people 
of the world are passing through a period of transition. This period is 
viciated with awfully ominous effect, when destruction, tnough 
piecemeal, will go on occurring almost continuously. Over and above a 
gradual but inevitable degeneration would come in every sphere of 
human existence. Moral, spiritual and behavioural tenets will be 
trampled. Sons and daughters will be disrespectful to 
parents and students and pupils to their teachers. Prabhu referred 
to certain Fears that would be prevalent all over the world. Those are 
fears of fire (Agnibhaya), fear for want of food (Bhatbhaya), fear from 
kings (Rajbhaya), fear of poverty (Daridrabhaya), fear of theft and 
extortions (Choura bhaya) and fear of beating and torture (Prahara 
bhaya). Frequent earthquakes will cause havoc to lives and 
properties. Misfortunes of various sorts will befall on the lots of 
mankind. Diseases and afflictions, sorrows and sufferings, strifes 
and internecine wars will be most prominent features of the transi- 
tional period as was foretold by Prabhu. His advent was to counter 
the forces of destruction and to save the world from total annihila- 
tion. In order to achieve this goal he prescribed two means, — (1) to 
observe restraint and celibacy and to inspire others to do the same, 
and (2) to chant Harinama constantly. 

There is practically no other way to save the mankind from de- 
struction. The growing unrest, dissensions and strifes all over the 
world at the present age show the infallible truth of Prabhu' s state- 
ment. If good senses prevail on us and we sincerely desire our well- 
being and to avert the onslaughts of the destructive forces we must 
have to know and meditate over the supernatural advent and activi- 
ties of Prabhu Jagadbandhu. As Prabhu is known less, so we are to 
study more and to to abide by his Gospels which are meant to achieve 
the noblest good and highest welfare of all people. 

First Part 


Parentage & Birth of Prabhu 

Prabhu Jagadbandhu was born at Dahapara in Mursidabad, situ- 
ated on the western bank of the Ganges, opposite to Mursidabad 
town. Mursidabad was once the capital of Bengal. Pundit Dinanath 
Nyayaratna was his father. This Dinanath was descendant of the line 
of very pious and learned Brahmin Basudev Chakraborty of 
Komarpur in Faridpur, a district of Bengal. Komarpur was a very 
prosperous village on the bank of Padma river, not far off from 
Goalanda, the well-known steamer ferry. Basudev Chakravorty was 
that fortunate person whose house was 'hallowed by the touch of the 
lotus feet of Lord Gouranga, when he was on his way to Sylhet, his 
father Jagannath Misra's ancestral home. Krishnamangal born in the 
lineage of Basudev is the grand-father of Dinanath. Krishnamangal 
with his brother Krishna Kamal and son Sambhunath shifted to 
Govindapur a few miles off on the very bank of Padma, when his 
former abode of Komarpur was succumbed to the erosion of the great 
river. The meanings of the words Basudev,. Krishna-mangal, 
Govindapur are worth noting being all theistic. 

The family deity of Krishna-mangal was Radha-Govinda. Krishna- 
Kamal had a son, named Pundit Aradhan Chakraborty. Aradhan 
was a widower having no issue and became a little indifferent to the 
worldly affairs. He went to live in the aforesaid Dahapara village 
accepting the charge of teaching Sanskrit in the Tol there. He took 
the family deity of Radha-Govinda with him. Dinanath, son of 
Sambhunath went to live with Aradhan Pundit, his uncle and to 
study Sanskrit. Dinanath obtained the title of "Nyayaratna" from the 
society of Sanskrit Scholars of Murshidabad. 

In course of time, Aradhan Pundit left this world. Dinanath came 
back to Govindapur with the deity, got himself married and lived 
there for sometime. He, however, went back to Murshidabad in 1275 
B.E. with his wife Bama Devi. There he got the temple of Sri Radha- 
Govinda rebuilt, engaged himself in the regular worship of the Deity 
and outwardly carried on the task of teaching Sanskrit just like his 
uncle Aradhan. 

Baraa Devi was the daughter of Sital Choudhury, an inhabitant of 
the village Kaphura, neighbouring Govindapur. She was an ideal 
woman, devoted to the worship of the family Deity, Radha-Govinda. 
They continued to live in Dahapara, (which word must have come 
from Daccapara). It is on the side of the Ganges, opposite to that of 
the present Mursidabad palace. 

Gradually the most auspicious Sitanavami Tithi in the month of 
Baisakh of 1278 B.E. (April, 187 1) came off and it was at the end of 
fourth 'Prahara' of the night of Friday, the 16th Baisakh that Prabhu 
Jagadbandhu, the Beautiful of all beautifuls descended on earth. 
This happened at the "Mahendrakshana' in the 'Brahmamuhurta'. 
One thing we must note that Murshidabad, where Prabhu was born 
was a capital city, just as Navadwip and Mathura were. And we must 
also note that Sree Prabhu came to the earth mysteriously when he 
desired to come, signs of pregnancy of Bama Devi were there but dis- 
appeared as soon as the holy child was seen. All, of course, thought 
that the child was born normally. There was nobody else except the 
mother at the time of his birth. She was in a trance at the moment. 


Childhood, 1278 B.E. - 1283 B.E. 

Dinanath and Bama Devi began to bring the child up with utmost 
fondness. He was so beautiful that every body whoever cast a glance at 
him got attracted towards him. His complexion at the time could be 
likened to that of a fresh ripe pea, as was actually described by a lady 
eye-witness. Nyayaratna had himself made the horoscope of Prabhu. 
While Bandhusundar was three months old, a great Sannyasi- 
astrologer came to Murshidabad. Dinanath showed him the 
horoscope. Astounded at wonderful signs that he saw in it, he kept 
the horoscope with him that day for further study and asked 
Nyayaratna to come another day. On the second day the Sannyasi 
requested him to come again as its study was not over. On the third 
day Sannyasi beseechingly asked Nyayaratna to come again with the 
child. The next day his request was complied with. The Sannyasi 
became overwhelmed with joy to see the child's exquisite beauty, 
having eyes like lotus petals extending upto the ears, a nose 

excelling the beauty of 'til flower', arms stretching upto the knees, 
and palms of the hands and feet as red as a red lotus. He placed the 
little Prabhu on his head and said to Nyayaratna with tearful eyes 
"Punditji, you are very fortunate. The five planets, at the combination 
of which Divine Incarnation comes upon earth were at the most 
elevated position at the moment of birth of your child. Your child will 
one day be a great prophet. "All creatures will be his friends. 

After this, the Sannyasi disappeared from Murshidabad. Another 
Sannyasi from the Kiriteswari Temple (Devi Pith) came some time after 
to the house of Dinanath and seeing the auspicious signs in his son 
told that he would be king, king of Yogis in future. 

When the child became six months old, his Annaprasana, the 
ceremonial function of giving rice -to eat to the child for the first 
time as well as the ceremonial naming (Namakaran) of the child were 
held amidst great joy and entertainment. 

Both Hindus and Muslims used to love him alike. Bama Devi, to 
please Muslim neighbours now and then addressed Prabhu as 
Ganilal. This mode of naming helped to foster Hindu-muslim amity. 
Anyway, such was our mother Bama Devi. But Providence would not 
allow her to remain here on earth for long. When Bandhusundar was 
scarcely a year and a half year old she left the world. Bhairav 
Chakravarty, the elder brother of Dinanath was informed. He came to 
Mursidabad and took Prabhu to Govindapur, his village home. The 
charge of bringing up Prabhu devolved on his wife Rashmani Devi. 
But it was not the lot of even Rashmani to fondle the little Prabhu for 
over three years. She also followed the path of Bama Devi to other 

When Dinanath received the news he went to Govindapur and 
placed Prabhu under care of Digambari Devi, a widowed daughter of 
Bhairay. He stayed for some time at Govindapur, performed the 
ceremonial beginning of Prabhu's learning (Hate-Khari) and got him 
admitted to the village Primary School of Durgacharan Das. Though 
affectionate he was to this uncommon child, Dinanath had to set off 
for Dahapara where pupils of his 'Chatuspathi' (Sanskrit school) 
were eagerly waiting for him. The teacher of Prabhu was amazed at 
at the unusual talents and memory of the child and used to remark, 
"What shall I teach him, he seems to know and understand every 

thing from before". 

From early childhood Prabhu could utter, though inarticulately 
words somehow. He used to say "Hayi, Hayi" (Hari Hari). The child of 
three or four years used to sing "Daga Madha papi chiya, Hayi Name 
Taye Geya" (Jags and Madha were sinners, but the name of Hari 
absolved them). Uncontrollable fickleness was at times visible in 
Prabhu in his chilhood. This did simply bespeak the uncommon 
energy present in him. Swimming in the Padma, rowing along it, 
getting upon the roof of the big thatched houses of the homestead 
were some of those childish pranks which kept the minds of Bhairav 
and Digambari Devi always apprehensive of danger befallen to him. 


Boyhood - 1284 B. E. - 1293 B. E. 

When Prabhu had completed his fourth year, the house of 
Govindapur also fell a prey to the erosive spell of the Padma. Bhairav 
Chakravorty had got a new house erected at Jnandia, a neighbouring 
village, or rather an adjoining part of the village Govindapur. Here 
they lived for about three years and this house too met with the 
same fate as the older one. While Prabhu was a little over 7 years 
towards the end of Magh, 1285 B.E., they built a house and shifted 
to Brahmankanda, about three miles away to the south-west of 
Faridpur town. 

About 10 months before the coming of the family to the new house 
at Brahmankanda, Dinanath fell seriously ill at Dahapara. It was in 
the month of Baisakh of 1285 B. E. (1978 AD.) he was down with 
high fever. He used to remember always the sublime and exceedingly 
beautiful moon-like face of Prabhu and was heard to utter his name 
during his illness, 'Alas! I shan't see that face any more". In a few 
days, it was all over with him. On the night of Akshaytritia', he 
passed away. 

Having been at Faridpur far away from Dahapara. Prabhu came to 
know this event. He wept whole day and night on that date but did 
not express the cause of weeping even though asked a hundred 
times. The next day when the telegram from Dahapara came, the 

reason of his weeping became known to all. 

Prabhu performed the "sradh" ceremony by uttering correctly and 
properly the 'mantras', in Sanskrit. All were amazed at this. This 
amazement was hightened to see that Prabhu could sit for the 
ceremony quietly for about 5 hours without showing any sign of 

Here at Brahmankanda Prabhu studied at a village Pathshala, 
near at home, for some time. Then he-was admitted to the Faridpur 
Bengali School. This school was gradually raised to a Middle English 
School and mow it is the Faridpur High School. In the meantime 
about 10 months after coming to the house at Brahmankanda, 
Bhairav Chakravarty also followed the path of his younger brother 
Dinanath to, Heaven. Gopal and Tarini, the two sons of Bhairav 
Chakravarty took up the charge of the house-hold. Prabhu was ad- 
mitted to class V of the Zilla School from the aforesaid Bengali 
school. Next year he was promoted to class VI. When he had just 
completed his thirteen year his initiation-ceremony known as 
upanayan as required by Brahmin boys held. After this a change in 
his mode of life came about. He began to perform "sandhyas' (prayers 
and meditation) thrice daily and to observe all other austerities of 
disciplined life. 

Prabhu was never found to practise any 'Yoga' before or after this. 
But he was found to have supernatural powers akin to those of a 
great Yogi from his birth as it were. 

After his upanayan he became very reserved in his speech and his 
sweet words would reach the very vitals of the hearer through his 
ears. His voice was as sweet and attractive as the flute of Krishna. 
He would sit with books, of course, but he was generally found to be 
engrossed in other worldly thoughts. 

Sometimes he was seen indifferently roaming all around in the 
roads without a companion. Sometimes, he was found in solitary 
cremation grounds, deeply engrossed in thoughts, with tears rolling 
down his cheeks ceaselessly. His thoughts were perhaps about how 
the miseries of the suffering mankind could be removed. He always 
liked solitude. Even in school he was equally reserved in speech and 
had very few class-mates as companion. 

Dukhiram Ghosh, owner of a sweetmeat shop in Faridpur market 

was enchanted as he once saw Prabhu returning home from school. 
The father of Jaladhar Ghosh, a classmate of Prabhu, had a sweet- 
meat shop, not far off from Dukhiram's. At Dukhiram's insistence 
Jaladhar brought Prabhu to his sweetmeat shop and offered sweets, 
butter etc. to eat. He requested Prabhu to come to his shop everyday 
after school-hours. He used to wear cloth covering his whole body 
from neck to feet while going school and inspired many students to 
observe Brahmacharya (abstinence) and chant Harinama and to lead a 
pious life. 

Prabhu Bandhu used to perform daily worship of the family deities 
Radha-Gabinda most ardently and the deities appeared to be 
enlivened and joyous. 

It was in 1292 B.E. Prabhu sat for his Annual Examination for 
promotion to class VIII or third class. On the day of History paper, 
after writing several pages in answering questions, he was moved in a 
state of trance as the silence of examination hall worked upon his 
mind. He stared absorbingly at one side vacantly and steadfastly. 
This sort of losing outward consciousness is being developed in him 
gradually. The Head Master Bhuban Sen thought that Prabhu was 
copying from answer scripts of other students. 

The head master got a bit exasperated at the moment and or- 
dered him not to take that day's examination any more. Prabhu with- 
out uttering a single word, silently, came out of the hall. The Head 
Master reading his answer realised his mistake but he could not find 
him out though looked for him. Prabhu without going home walked 
towards Goalanda, halting at night at one Baikuntha Pramanik's 
house of Sadarkhada village. At his house he took some meal, 
cooking with his own hand and spending the night in his cow-shed. 
He took the train at Rajbari and went to Calcutta in the house of 
Atul Chandra Champati, the son-in-law of Digambari Devi. Champati 
Thakur heard every- thing and informed Gopal Chakravarty, Prabhu' s 
cousin brother in Faridpur. 

Gopal Babu went to Calcutta without delay and returned with 
Prabhu to Brahmankanda. But Prabhu could not be persuaded to read 
in that school again. A short time after he was sent to Ranchi where 
Tarini Babu, the other cousin of his was working as Sub -Assessor in 
Income Tax Department. In Magh, 1292 B. E. (January, 1886 A.D.), he 

was admitted to the Third Class at Ranchi High School. 

At school Prabhu did splendidly well in History and Geography. 
He answered in such a way as if he saw before his mind's eye all past 
events and distant places. As to the River Thames of England 
Prabhu used to say, "Do you know what the Thames is like? It is like a 
small canal though so important to them :" 

At Ranchi, an incident happened which shows that he was really 
Prabhu (Lord) of all creatures. Rai Bahadur Rakhal Babu, a 
neighbour of Tarini Babu, bought a race horse which was so naughty 
that none could ride it. Prabhu watched the horse. He told Rai 
Bahadur to let him have a ride on it. Inspite of Tarini Babu's warning 
one day he got upon it like a hero, let the reins loose and disappeared 
with it at a great speed. When Rakhal Babu and Tarini Babu came to 
know of this, they were in great anxiety and apprehensive of 
Prabhu' s safety, but to their wonder Prabhu returned to the spot 
with a smiling face. Thenceforward, the horse became quite tame and 
showed no further signs of wickedness. 

Another incident happened a short time after. The cook and ser- 
vant of Tarini Babuwerea little light-fingered. Prabhu often used to sit 
in his meditative mood as was natural with him, looking at some 
particular direction. The cook thought that Prabhu was watching 
him. They wished to do away with him, mixed Arsenic poison with 
Prabhu' s food. Taking poisonous food Prabhu felt very unwell with 
burning sensation all over his body. The cook already fled. The ser- 
vant confessed the guilt on being threatened. Prabhu, of course, re- 
covered after medical treatment. But Tarini Babu got frightened and 
sent Prabhu back to Brahmankanda as there was no one in Ranchi 
to take care of him. It was in Aswin of 1293 B.E. 


Middle Part ; Youth, 1293 B. E - 1308 B. E. 

In Kartik of 1293 B. E., Prabhu was admitted to Pabna Zilla 
School in the very third class in which he was reading at Ranchi. He 
began to put up with Golakmani Devi, another cousin of his. She 
was Digambari Devi's younger sister and wife of Sree Prasanna 

Lahiri, a great Zamindar of Pabna. 

It is here at Pabna that he began his sanctifying activities (Paban- 
Lila). Though outwardly he appeared to go to school where he occu- 
pied a lonely seat on the back bench of the class, his mind was not 
in study. But we shall see later on what we learn by study he had 
himself acquired that long ago. 

He used to lose outward consciousness frequently though he 
actually sat with his eyes open. He began his work of emancipation, 
especially amongst the students of Pabna. He understood that the 
students formed the back-bone of the society and hence to awaken 
and enliven them would lead to awake the whole society. It was per- 
haps with this end in view he continued to go to school. 

Prabhu at this tender age of 15 took upon himself the task of the 
Acharyya of the time. He saw with his mind's eyes that it was a 
Pralaya Yuga (the first great war broke out several years after and 
moral and social degeneration too was visible even then) and he 
preached that the creation could be saved if Kirtan (Singing of God's 
name) would be sung.'Tadi ma Kirtan ratey, tabey sristi raksha 
ghatey." Sri Ranajit Lahiri, Hari Roy, Nitya Gopal Kaviraj and some 
other companions of Prabhu devoutly followed him. Before them he 
showed example of self-restraint and observance of purity and made 
them follow these. His teaching to them might be summed up in two 
words, "Brahmacharyya and Harinam". Observing Brahmacharyya 
and taking the name of Hari, can alone bring real peace and happi- 
ness. He saw the want of these amongst the students of the day. 

They being enamoured of the foreign ideals and foreign civilisation had 
practically given up their own culture and ideals. They had little faith 
in their own religion, as a result of which foreign Missionaries found 
scope for their works of conversion, even in the lower strata of the 
society. Nobody looked towards that. He therefore began his work 
with the student. He wanted them not to give up studies but to 
acquire knowledge and lead all along a holy life, as preached and 
practised by him. He showed how bath ought to be taken three times 
a day as water is 'Jivan' (life), how God ought to be meditated upon, 
and how His name ought to be sung. 

Streams of students began to flock around Prabhu daily. Prabhu 
took upon himself the task of guiding them during the formative 

period. Among the many instructions and commands of Prabhu to- 
wards them the most improtant ones may be cited below for the ben- 
efit of the students of all times :- 





Study quite attentively and obtain 'B.A. and M.A.' degrees. 

Observe Brahmacharyya and see that others also observe the 

Touching another is inviting a sin. Sleeping together and 
sitting together help sins of one's body to enter another's. 

The path must be distinguished by sanctified sight. Walk 
with your eyes open to the way. Give up for ever self-conceit 
and vicious glance ('Chokshu-dosh'). 

Never talk uselessly. It is misfortune to use words unneces- 
sarily (Prabhu himself spoke very little). 

None of you should seek spiritual initiation. (Prabhu himself 
was guiding them, hence for those students no other 
initiation was necessary. Otherwise, we would have seen him 
directing some of his devotees to take initiation from this 
Goswami or that. He said to those students that to work 
according to the bidding of the pre- ceptor was the real 

It is Sree-Krishna that comes from time to time as 'Guru' to 
rescue mankind. Guru is Krishna, Guru is Gouranqa, and 
Guru is Bandhu, I am a World-Teacher. Human Guru sounds 
his 'mantra' in the ear, while the world-teacher inspires the 
'mantra' within the heart. 

You all utter repeatedly the name of Hari. Welfare will thus 
be with you and the world at large. This is the mission of my 
coming here on earth. I belong to Hari-nam and no other 

Do not criticise others. Write on the wall of your room, 
"Critisism of others is prohibited". 

The guardians of the boys feared that their boys would become 
Sadhus in association with Prabhu. Some of them were great villains. 
They were looking for an opportunity to chastise Prabhu. Prabhu 
used to bathe in the river daily before dawn. One day at that time, 

they, seeing the effulgence of his body from a distance, could know his 
presence. As Prabhu plunged in the water for bath, they pounced 
upon him and did not allow him to raise his head, thereby to cause 
death by suffocation. Prabhu somehow managed to escape and returned 
home running. He maintained no wrath in mind and wishing no ills 
to his molesters. 

A few days afterwards Prabhu one day said to his young followers in 
course of conversation that there would be many oppressions on his 
body, but nobody would be able to kill him outright. 

This happened in Falgoon 1294 B. E. Digambari Devi came to 
Pabna and went back with Prabhu. But after a month's stay, he re- 
turned to Pabna against Digambari Devi's wishes. He could not be 
prevented from doing a thing which he determined to do. Such was 
his tenacity. 

One incident of Pabna must be narrated here. Once Golakmani 
Devi wishing to besmear oil over his body, pulled out the cloth from 
his chest inspire of Prabhu's resistance and saw clearly the 
"Bhrigupada' mark on it. 

His ecstasy of joy in kirtan was manifest at Pabna. He often lost 
outward consciousness, while listening to Kirtan with rapt atten- 
tion. One day a rogue in order to test him placed a burning charcoal 
on the foot of Prabhu when he was in a trance during kirtan. But he 
was astonished to find that Prabhu did not show any sign of feeling of 
burning sensation. 

Golakmani and other relations became anxious about Prabhu's 
safety, seeing his unusual liking for kirtan. They began to forbid 
him going to Kirtan. But that was of no avail. One day Kirtan was 
being performed at a neighbour's house. Golakmani Devi locked up 
Prabhu in a room. But, he began to dance in a most charming 
manner inside the room to the tune of Kirtan. After a while he fell 
against the wall unconscious. Seeing it through the window, she 
opened the room and brought him back to senses after a good deal of 
nursing. After this, nobody would dare to oppose his participation in 

He would like very much opera-songs also. He lost himself in joy to 
see the acting of Dhruva or Prahlad. He would often narrate before 
his young followers the story of their great devotion. 

He would very often take his seat under a 'Kelikadamba' tree 
outside the Lahiri-house and was found absorbed in deep thought. 
Nobody would understand what he was pondering about and what 
he could be musing within himself. Stories of his supernatural powers 
spread far and wide. People began to gather around him for guidance 
and Prabhu also gave them necessary instructions. 

Rajarshi Banamali Roy of Tarash in Pabna District, a great 
Zamindar heard of Prabhu and came to see hJm. He was charmed at 
Prabhu' s exquisite beauty and feelings. Thereafter the Rajarshi used 
to come there occasionally and discuss devotional Bhagavata topics 
with him. 

Prabhu continued his work amongst the students. His instruc- 
tions to them about Brahmacharyya and utility of Kirtan songs were 
unabated. Ramesh Lahiri's son Ranjit Lahiri, who used to bear testi- 
mony of Prabhu' s teachings for students became a staunch follower of 
Prabhu. The villains were getting ready to torment him again. But this 
did not frighten him. 

Prabhu continued his habits of roaming alone at night on the 
river bank and field. One day those villains beat him mercilessly at 
night. He fell unconscious and they ran away after leaving his body in 
the jungle. The Choukidar discovered him on being attracted at the 
effulgence of his body. He was brought to house and came round 
after treatment and nursing. He recognised the tormenters but did 
not disclose their names, even at the request of Shri Prasanna Lahiri, 
his brother-in-law. 

Subsequently the news of torture on Prabhu reached the ears of 
Rajarshi Banamali. He sent Raghunandan Goswami, his family, 
preceptor's son with an elephant for him. Prabhu went to Tarash. 
The Rajarshi entreated Prabhu to give him the names of the torment- 
ers. He could not imagine how they could beat so cruelly a person 
whose very appearance and actions were so godly. But the supremely 
kind-hearted and forbearing Prabhu disclosed no names. He rather 
informed the Rajarshi by writing two lines in poetry that the torturers 
were not to be blamed, rather they did him a good turn by blowing 
away the mountain of sins that was heaped over his head. Such a 
Nityanand holy-frame of mind did he possess. 

During his stay at Pabna Prabhu was called as Lord by Rajarshi, 

Baidyanath Chaki, Hari Roy, Shyam ' Lai Goswami, Raghunandan 
Goswami and many others. We must note that none of these distin- 
guished men could venture talking to or glancing at Prabhu face to 
face. They felt themselves highly gratified at his very look only for a 

Prabhu did realise that owing to the influence of western education, 
the minds of our youth had become perverted and the study of 
western novels etc. was throwing them off the line of our sublime 
religion or aryadharma which was in essence the Dharma or Rule of 
Devotion of love, as preached and practised by Lord Gouranga. 

Many Vaishnavite books were unpublished and were going out of 
print. It was at the instance of Prabhu Jagadbandhu that Rajarshi 
Banamali Roy established the Devakinandan Press in Calcutta 
wherefrom he began publishing the Vaishnavite books. 

A short while after, Rajarshi proposed to Prabhu to accompany him 
to Sree Vrindaban to which he consented. This time he lived there 
for about 6 months, mainly at the Radha Benod temple, established 
by Rajarshi. While returning from Vrindaban, Prabhu got down at 
Patna and then went to Arrah, where he met Thakur Atul Champati 
who was the Head Master of the local English High School. 

Reaching there, he himself cooked, took some food, and gave 
Champati the portion left, which tasted like nectar. On taking this he 
felt unprecedented thrill of joy. A short time afterwards, Champati 
gave up his job, dedicated himself wholly to the service of the world by 
preaching Harinam. The writer had the good fortune of seeing him 
in Calcutta near about 1924 A.D., while he was heard 
uttering'Haribol' at the top of his voice. We shall have occasions to 
refer him later on. 

Prabhu returned to Brahmankanda via Calcutta in Aswin 1295 
and stayed there for a few days only. A change was noticed by 
Digambari Devi in him since then. He began to address her by 
"Haribol' instead of by the hitherto used 'Didi' (elder sister). 

One day he said to her, "Well, you are the eldest of all in the 
family. I shall tell you something presently". Being pressed, he said, '7 
was king at every birth and I am a king even in this birth, a king not of 
enjoyment but of 'Yoga' ". We heard this repeated by her even in her 
old days. 

A change in his dress and appearance also was noticed from this 
time onward. It was not, of course, that he put on a yellowish Sadhu- 
like attire with tongs in hand and with ashes besmeared all over the 
body. But he put on a white-bordered 'dhuti' with which he always 
remained almost covered from head to foot. He had a white "chadar' 
and black rubber shoes on. He had a three-fold wreath of small 
"Rudraksha' beads round his neck. 

This wreath was presented to him by Srish Lahiri of Pabna, a 
great devotee of his. His use of the 'Rudraksha' chain simply shows 
how he regarded the feelings of a devotee and how he laid little stress 
on outward formalities of dress. His hair was a little over-grown. His 
eyes appeared to be teeming with mercy and emotion. A lustre 
always shot forth from his body. He led a life of stern asceticism. 

A few days after Prabhu left for Calcutta and met with his school 
classmate and devotee Bakulal Biswas of village Badarpur in 
Faridpur. He, as predicted by Prabhu, later on became a Sub -Judge. 
He submitted himself to the care of Prabhu and lived a disciplined life 
as taught by him. He was a college student in Calcutta. 

It is at this time that Prabhu with Bakulal took a snap at the 
Bengal Photographers of Bowbazar Street. Prabhu was seated 
in Padmasana posture with legs crossed, hands entwined in front 
just above the waist and head a little bent towards the left. His 
attractive appearance, excelling that of Cupid even can beuessed to 
some extent from the Photo. He was then 17 years and 7 months old. 
In that photo, Baku Biswas Mahasay was standing behind Prabhu on 
his left side, a block photo of Prabhu alone was made from it. 

Prabhu then returned to Pabna. After his torture there, he was 
sent to Ranchi. It was in the month of Kartick, 1295 B. E. He was a 
student of First class. Though there was a great gap in his study he 
began to prepare for the coming Test Examination. His relatives were 
extremely delighted at this. He appeared at the test before the final 
Entrance Examination, as it was then called. The result was exceed- 
ingly good. But Prabhu went away to Calcutta about a month before 
the final Examination and this meant an end of his study. From 
Calcutta Prabhu went in seclusion for about a year and a half. No 
search could disclose his whereabouts. He, of course, said to 
Digambari Devi alone a little before this that he willed to roam about 

holy places for sometime and so she need not feel worried over that. 

During this period, he roamed throughout India and also outside. 
One day he was seen in the streets of Paris. From the description 
given in the French papers of the time, Champ ati Thakur and other 
devotees could. easily guess that it was none but Prabhu. 


At Vrindaban (A few months in 1297 B.E.) 

After living incognito for about a year and a half Prabhu was seen 
at the Maharaj's palace of Joypur. He stayed there for two or three 
months, worshipping occasionally the original 'Radha-Govinda 
Bigraha' of Vrindaban, which was removed to Joypur during Muslim 

Thence he went to Vrindaban and put up with Rajarshi Banamali 
Roy. The Rajarshi was elated with joy at the sight of the then un- 
speakably charming appearance of Prabhu. He looked like a new 
Gouranga. All the devout Vaishnava of Vrindaban were attracted to 

At Vrindaban, Prabhu stayed occasionally at Jnangudhuri, 
Ayodhya Kunja, Hydrabad Kunja, Keshighat etc. Owing to Prabhu' s 
observance of silence then, the famous vaishnavas of Vrindaban 
called him Mauni Baba'. Renowned Vaisnava Sadhaka Manohar 
Dasjee of Govinda Kunda and Jagadish Baba, the disciples of Siddha 
Bhagavan Das Babajee and Shyamdas Babajee of Kushumsarobar 
were fortunate to see Prabhu many a time. While Prabhu would get to 
Radha Kunda or Shyam Kunda, he used to stay at the Jagannath 
Temple there. One day he expressed to one of his devotees that 
Sreemati (Prabhu could not utter 'Radha' and used to refer as 
Sreemati, Amuk, etc. instead) gave him the holy Krishna 'Mantra'. 

During Prabhu's stay at Vrindaban, the cows were found to lick 
passionately his body, whenever he would halt at a place. He also 
used to play with them. The aforesaid Shyamdas Babajee one day 
saw him surrounded by cows while Prabhu was lying at the foot of 
the Govardhan Hill. He could thus easily recognise that Prabhu was 
no other than the Beloved of Braja. 

Another incident of Vrindaban is being narrated, which will cer- 

tainly give joy to the readers. Prabhu one day said to the Rajarshi 
citing a particular tamarind tree that this great personality would 
leave its mortal frame at 1 p.rn, the next day. At his direction, 
Rajarshi arranged Name Kirtan to be sung for 24 hours surrounding 
the tree. To the astonishment of all, the tree fell down at the specified 
time, though, there was no wind or storm. 

Another day Prabhu found that the parents of a dead boy were 
lamenting bitterly at the cremation ground. Prabhu, moved to pity, 
revived the boy by calling him "Re lala, lala, lala' (Oh dear child, 
dear child :). Then the boy got up and consoled his parents by say- 
ing that the world was transitory and no body was slated to any 
body. God alone is permanent, who only was to be loved and wor- 
shipped. So saying the boy fell to eternal sleep again. 


At Brahmankanda & Bakchar (Aswin 1297 to 1305 B. E.) 

In Aswin 1297, Prabhu returned to Brahmankanda. Digambari 
Devi and all others were extremely glad to see him back. They were 
wonder-struck to see the beauty and liveliness on his person at the 
time. He began to perform the worship of the Deity Radha-Govinda in 
the house daily and regularly. He felt extreme delight in this. 

One day an unusual scene was witnessed there. Prabhu was going 
to the temple of the Deity. He tried to avoid the shade of the ~Tulsi' 
plant being trampled as stood on the way. He was going by the other 
side. Strangely enough the shade like a living being extended itself 
and went round to touch the feet of Prabhu. Digambari Devi saw this 
and got wonder struck. This writer, the vilest of creature, heard this 
repeatedly from the very lips of Devi in her old days, while she used 
to live at Faridpur "Sree-Angan". 

At Brahmankanda in one corner of the homestead, he planted the 
plants of five trees, such as Aswatha, Bat, Bilva, Dhatri and Asoke in 
a group (Panchabati). On the mound, erected round the trees Prabhu 
used to sit and discourse with his followers. This 'Panchabati' still 
exists. The tank in which Prabhu used to float about in the Padma- 
sana posture is still there. The cocoanut trees which Prabhu used to 
lean against are also there. 

Many other uncommon events happened during the period of his 
stay at Brahmankanda. One after-noon Digambari Devi saw that the 
radiance of Prabhu's body extended up to the solar orb and thus 
rays of light were visible all through. Very soon the lustre, 
assuming a green colour appeared to be absorbed within his body. 
Such phenomena were seen often. 

Many supernatural powers also were noticed in him at that time. 
He was seen to speak to invisible etheric spirits. Sometimes exquis- 
itely sweet music was heard but no source of the music could be 
traced. Prabhu was himself a born-master of music. 

One day at Brahmankanda he was immersed in. some ecstatic 
mood and asked every one he met whether he was a corpse or the 
river Baitarani. No answer satisfied him. Perhaps, because, he was 
both a corpse and the river, a corpse like Sree Radha in Dasam Dasa 
for her separation from Sree Krishna and the river Baitarani because 
of his coming on earth to help the people cross the river of bondage, 
the Baitarani. 

In such a mood, he went out of the house in a tottering condition 
and appeared at the house of a Muslim devotee of his, named Jamir. 
Prabhu had and still has many Muslim followers. Even to-day there 
are some Muslims who worship Krishna or Kali. Ostad Alauddin 
Khan of Tippera District and his family may be cited for an example. 
Prabhu wanted water. Jamir's wife quickly brought some. Prabhu 
washed his feet therewith. Pleased at this service, he left the cloth he 
had on at their door. Then he entered a neighbouring bush in a 
naked state, but came out in a moment with a new cloth on. Did the 
Goddess of the forest supply it? 

The cloth he left at Jamir's house was preserved by them for 
several years. It assumed different colours at different times ! The 
water, in which a part of this cloth was soaked, once given to the 
dying son of Jamir and saved him from an attack of cholera. 

He moved about during the night in such condition of the mind and 
at day-break reached the house of Kedar Sil, a devotee of Prabhu, 
who had his house very near to the present Goalchamat "Sree- 
Angan" of which we shall speak latLr on. Thence he was taken to 
Badarpur, a village two or three miles off, by another devotee of his, 
named Badal Biswas. 

It was at this time and at the house of Badal Biswas that Prabhu 
disclosed his real identity and got ready for the work of mass-eman- 
cipation or purification which he started at Pabna. Prabhu said that 
he was ill and asked Badal to call a doctor. Dr. Sreedhar Babu was 
called in by Biswas Mahasay. The Doctor examined him and was 
wonder-struck to find that though he was talking normally, his. pulse 
could not be felt. Prabhu wrote in Bengali on a slip of paper then 

(1) There is nothing except me, 

(2) Hari, 

(3) Maha-uddharan (the Great Saviour), 

(4) Purush, 

(5) Jagad-bandhu, 

(6) Creation. 

On that day he further said piteously, " Am I none of yours? Shall I 
drift awau? Will nobody, save me with Harinam? " The last sentence 
must be marked. He says that he can be saved with the chanting of 
name of Hari alone. This shows who he is and how thirsty he is for 
Harinam and how therefore the world needs it. From Badarpur he 
was brought to the town of Faridpur by Prabhu' s devotee, Suresh 
Chandra Chakravarty. Suresh Chakravarty is the first writer of 
Phabhu's biography, named "Bandhu-Katha". 

We have just said that Prabhu wanted to be saved and to save the 
world by Harinam. How he tried to save himself by enjoying the 
sweetness of Harinam, we shall see later on. But let us see how he 
saved the world. He took up the work in right earnest. Faridpur in- 
cluding the surrounding villages was to him the fittest place for 
work. At the time of his return last time from Vrindaban, he expressed 
so to Shyamdas or Shyamananda Das Babajee of whom we have spo- 
ken above. 

During Prabhu' s time there had scarcely been any real 'Dharma' in 
the area around Faridpur town. Sanatan Hindu Dharma, that is, 
Vaishnavism had practically died out, and polluted forms of Dharma 
took its place. The 'Auls', the 'Bauls', the 'Sahajiyas' and the 
~Darbeshi-s' were predominant. The use of 'Ganja' (Hemp -smoking) in 
the name of 'Trinath Mela' was much in vogue. 

Also, the rigorousness of caste system of the time pained Prabhu 
very much. He never gave indulgence to this system, and we therefore 
see that no caste distinction was or is still observed by his followers. 
Brahmins, Kayasthas, or Doms - all, sitting in the same line, used to 
take 'Prasad' (food offered to Deity), cooked by any devotee. 

The Chakravarty House of Brahmankanda became the Jagannath- 
Kshetra of the Kayasthas, and Sudras and Bagdis and Bunas, as if 
the Jagannath unto whom Sree Chaitanya merged, appeared in the 
new form in Jagad-bandhu. Gour Kishore Saha, Ramsundar Mudi, 
Kedar Sil of Goalchamat, Gopal Mitra, Nechu Saha, Kodai Saha and 
Kshudiram Saha, Mahim Das of Bakchar, Badal Biswas and Kanai 
Mitra of Badarpur and many others of the neighbouring villages 
clustered around him. 

Prabhu thought of a new plan for village reconstruction through the 
help of these followers. He began to preach Kirtan and thus 
brought all of them on a common platform in order to ameliorate 
their distress and elevate their moral and spiritual state. He set up 
bands of Kirtan parties from amongst them and made them sing the 
name of Hari and His Lila. Thus he inspired them and also others, to 
live upto his ideal leading a pious and happy life. 

He found that proper books of Kirtan were not available. The 
Kirtan songs that were sung then did not depict the sweetness of 
Braja or Gour Lila in its true perspective. Much impurity had en- 
tered into the prevalent songs. He did therefore compose a good 
many excellent Kirtans, which have been published under the names 
(1) Nam Sankirtan, (2) Sreemati Sankirtan, (3) Padabali Kirtan, (4) 
Bibidha Sangit, (5) Hari Katha etc. These books were later printed 
and published for the benefit of the society. People were charmed to 
hear these songs. The first lines of two or three of these are given 
below with their translation, to satisfy the reader's curiosity :- 

(i) "Esa Esa Nabadwip Roy Dina Jan Dakche He Tomay, Ami 
Bhavaghore, ghure ghure, achchhanna mohamayay" . 

(Come, come, Oh Lord of Nabadwip, the poor fellow is calling thee. 
I am a wanderef, wandering in the terrible earth, overwhelmed with 
illusions and delusion). 

(ii) "Bhule marma e ki karma o man tarbire kon bale? Tyagi 
satya dharma jnana karma, kusangete moje rale" 

("Oh mind, forgetting the vital thing, what work are you after? By 
what strength will you cross the sea of the world? By giving up the 
true virtue, knowledge and action, you are absorbed in bad 

(iiij "Shreshthachar parachar Hare Krishna Mala 
Bandhu bale heno hale yabe sab jwala. " 

(Preaching of the wreath of Hare Krishna is the best rite. Bandhu 
says, all suffering will cease if this be done.) 

Hari Katha. 

We have seen how at Pabna Prabhu moulded the life of many 
students and other individuals. At Faridpur also a good many stu- 
dents, such as, Suresh Chandra Chakravarty, Ramesh Ch. 
Chakravarty, Sudhanya Mitra, Radhika Gupta were drawn towards 
him. He guided the spiritual life of many individuals, irrespective of 
caste and creed, Hindus and Muslims, rich and poor, honest and 
dishonest. All kinds of people began to go to him for their spiritual 
upliftment. Kushal Fakir, Badhai Fakir, Munshi Ahmed and others 
were amongst his Muslim followers. He imparted non-sectarian in- 
structions to them and helped them to lead a virtuous life. 

Gradually, his influence spread far and wide, even outside 
Faridpur District. Many persons of eminence and social position be- 
gan to come to his Brahmankanda house for a glance of him. But 
often the rich and the high could scarcely have a sight of him, while he 
would be talking with humble and poor persons inside the house. 
This was a special characteristic of his superhuman nature. 

The Social upliftment - Creation of Mahant Sampradaya Kirtaniya 

We would see how Prabhu uplifted most low and depressed class 
of people residing in the neighbourhood of Faridpur town. They were 
viler than even the depraved two brothers — Jagai and Madhai of 
Gouranga Lila. Jagai and Madhai were high Police officials and had 
some education, but these poor uncivilised people, called Bunas or 
Bagdis, several hundreds in number, had no position in society. 
They were the descendants of the Santals, Bhils and Kols, brought to 
Bengal as labourers by the Indigo-planters. We can read about them 
in an article of Sree Rasik Lai Roy, published in Sravan Number of 

the "Bharatbarsa" of 1339 B.E. under the caption "Jagadbandhu". 
There we see how corrupt these people were in their manners and 
customs and how Prabhu Jagadbandhu delivered them and gave them 
a status in society, by showing them how to live a pious life. We shall 
see later on how in Calcutta also Prabhu uplifted some other people 
of the same type, called the Doms of Ram Bagan near Beadon Street. 

The Bunas of Faridpur were habituated to all sorts of heinous 
deeds. They were accustomed to drinking, indecent dances and 
songs and the like. They would take Pork (hog's flesh) and did not 
know what virtue was. Rev. Midy, a Christian Missionary of 
Faridpur, was trying to convert them into Christianity and a day for 
it was fixed. 

But Prabhu had proclaimed beforehand that a Kirtan 
procession would be out on the 1st day of Agrahayan 1297 B.E. 
with 14 "Mridangas' (earthen drums) and other musical 
instruments also being played in accompaniment of Kirtan songs. It 
was a thing never known in Faridpur. The procession started from 
the Brahmankanda house where Prabhu was holding loud but joyful 
Kirtan throughout the month of Kartik, with his devotees. Kirtan 
procession proceeded towards the town of Faridpur being divided into 
seven equal parties with 2 'Mridangas' and many cymbals playing in 
each. Prabhu-was seen at times dancing in each of the parties as the 
Lord of Kirtan. Innumerable people crowded the street to have a 
view of Prabhu, his exquisite beauty and enchanting Kirtan. 

At the direction of Prabhu, the Kirtan procession 
circumambulated the Zilla School building and then passing through 
different streets of the town entered in the habitation of the Bunas. 
Pleasant Kirtan, full of joy, continued to reverberate their premises 
for long time. Rajani Pasha was the leader of the Bunas of the locality. 
He had mastered some Tantric powers by performing a few tantric 
rites. Prabhu cast a graceful glance at Rajani and stole away his 
heart with his bewitching beauty and the heavenly scent that used to 
emit from his body at times. Prabhu spoke not a word with them that 
day but returned to Brahmankanda with the Kirtan Party after a 

Some days after this, on the day previous to that appointed date for 
conversion of Bunas, Prabhu sent for Rajani and told that they are 

Kirshna-das and not lower than others of the society. He invited him 
to come with all his people the next day in Kirtan mahatsay. 

They came. Prabhu distributed cymbals and Mridangas (earthen 
drums) amongst them, fastened a pagri (turban) round the head of 
Rajani. He asked them to put on Tulsi wreaths round their necks, 
and to sing regularly Harinam-Kirtan. Rajani expressed his inability to 
sing. Prabhu says, "I shall guide and you will be able to follow." Hark, 
they sang the name of Hari and played the cymbals' and 
mridangas, inspired by Prabhu' s will. 

Thenceforward all the Bunas became Vaishnavas. Rajani Bagdi was 
given the name "Haridas Mohanta" and all the Bunas given the 
common title "Mohanta" (meaning one whose delusion is 
ended). Rajani Bagdi used to exercise Tantric practices and acquired 
some so-called powers. He gave up all those parctices, which were 
proved by Prabhu' s extraordinary power to be of no real good. He 
then became one of the chief Kritan singers of Prabhu. In a short 
time, he with his people took up Prabhu' s mission of spreading Kit- 
tan of Hari to different places. The Mahantas began to lead a pure 
life under Prabhu' s instruction. They all become expert in Kirtan. 
They got such blessings of Prabhu as they became good Kirtaniyas 
from generation after generation. 

Haridas Mohanta's son Monmohan Mohanta was a very good 
Kirtaniya. He could sing 'Pad-Kirtans', composed by Prabhu even 
before great audience. If you happened to pass through their 
quarters in the evening you would find them, even little boys, 
singing Kirtans with great devotion. It began from that very time. 

This wonderful change of the Bunas was published in many pa- 
pers and periodicals of that time. The Missionaries also were 
amazed at Prabhu's superhuman power . 

At Bakchar :- 

We have said in the beginning of this chapter that Gopal Mitra, 
Mahim Das. Kodai Saha of Bakchar, a village about 5 miles from 
Brahmankanda became followers of Prabhu. We must remember 
that they were all good Kirtaniyas and Prabhu wanted to spread 
Harinam through them for purifying the atmosphere and the 

people at large, and thus save the world from the imminent 
'Pralay' (destruction) as he called it. 

The great Gopal Mitra whom Prabhu called "Jyetha' (father's 
elder brother) had a Kirtan-party of his own. He was enchanted 
with the wonderful melody of Prabhu's compositions. He was the 
first to take upon himself the task of spreading Kirtan songs of 
Prabhu, who tried to purify the Vaishnava religion and people in 
general through the mystical power of these songs. 

Then, enjoying the sweet melody of these songs and finding how 
people of different places are charmed by these, Gopal Mitra formed 
a Kirtan-party of forty nine good singers and insisted on Prabhu 
to come over to Bakchar. It was towards the end of Agrahayan of 
1297 B.E. that Prabhu desired to arrive at Bakchar. Hearing this, 
all the devotees took him to the house of Gopal Mitra, rending the 
sky with Kirtan in rhythmic accompaniment of the 'Mridangas', 
'Cymbals' and 'Conches' etc. 

Staying at his house for a few days, Prabhu went to the house of 
Mahim Das. Here people flocked in and enjoyable Kirtan were being 
sung daily. Nechu Saha, Kodai Saha, Banku Saba and some others 
of the village carried on Kirtan before dawn, going around Bakchar 
and some other neighbouring villages at Prabhu's direction. 
Bakchar became the second Vrindaban. People were passing their 
time in great joy. They forgot their worldly needs and needs they 
had few. They were so simple and loving. Sometimes Prabhu 
distributed among them in the midst of Kirtan whatever eatables 
available inside the house, musical instruments for Kirtan and even 
currency notes and coins. 

Sree-angan, an abode and play-ground of the Divine, was estab- 
lished at Bakchar in 1301 B.E. Prabhu did not live here throughout 
the year. He generally used to stay at Bakcher for about 4 months in 
the rainy season, every year. The rest of the year he spent at 
Brahmankanda or Goalchamat of which we shall speak later on. He 
would occasionally go to Calcutta, Nabadwip and other places. The 
devotees would carry him on their shoulders in an empty box to 
Panchuria Rly. Station, whenever he would go to those places. The 
present Rajbari-Faridpur line went upto Panchuria then. One event 
is being mentioned here as we heard from some of those Bhaktas. 

Prabhu at times became very heavy, as such it became difficult for 
the bearers to hold him up. And as they informed of their inability to 
Prabhu he would say, "Hold on with Harinam and you will be able". 
Having done so they found him to have become very light. 

Prabhu used to hold cow-boy-sports with the young devotees of 
Bakchar. He got for them many sorts of attire to dress them as cow- 
boys. After dressing them, he would go out with them and would be 
intoxicated with Kirtan-joy along the village paths. All this reminds 
one of the Vrindaban Lila of Sri Krishna with Kirtans added to it. 

He formed two Kirtan-parties here-fij one with senior persons and 
(2) one with junior boys. He went to Nabadwip, Pabna and other 
places several times together with them. It was a sight to enjoy when 
he had once crossed over to Nabadwip in a boat, his young devotees 
singing his song "Esa esa Nabadwip Roy (come, come, oh! Lord of 

He played many other holy and joyous sports at Bakchar, which 
showed how dearly he loved them and how eager he was for the 
spiritual elevation of the villagers, so frank and simple as the Braja- 
gopas and gopis of Krishna Lila. He now and then sent for ordinary 
articles of food to elderly women of the village, kept concealed by 
them. But as Jagad-Bandhu wanted -them by saying the number of 
articles and where those were kept, they felt a reverential joy at this 
and offered those to him. Mango-cakes and such other eatables were 
among them. 

He wanted the young devotees to come to him to hold Kirtan in the 
morning and evening at the Angina' (Sree-angan) and in and around 
the village before dawn. He would at times speak of the secret sins 
committed by villager and would bring them round. They were 
wonder-struck to see how Prabhu came to know their secrets. They 
were thus afraid of 'committing any sins lest Prabhu would know it. 

Now some personal experience of Kodai Saha of Bakchar about 
Prabhu, as narrated to this vilest of creatures by him during a Birth 
Anniversary of Prabhu at Goalchamat Sree-angan is being given 

Kodai Saha belonged to the Junior Kirtan party. He had a sweet 
childlike voice even in his advanced age, at the time of this narra- 
tion more than 50 years ago. He could sing the kirtan songs, com- 

posed by Prabhu very sweetly and hence Prabhu loved him very 

"Prabhu went out with us" said Kodai Saha, "in a boat after 
night-fall. We would be singing kirtan. One day, it was raining. We 
invoked Indra to stop the rain. Prabhu asked us to keep our boat on 
one side of the river and to invoke Sachirani (wife of Indra) as Indra 
remains busy in royal affairs. We did so and the rain stopped falling 
over our boat, though it was raining heavily on the other side. We 
have experienced this on several occasions." 

He continued, "One day Prabhu told me about his birth. He said 
that wife of Dinu (Dinanath Chakravarty) had dropsy, which people 
thought to be pregnancy. I came during that state of her. But I am a 
demon in as much as I ate up my parents soon after my birth' " 

"Sometimes we were going with Prabhu to some other place. If any 
marshy land fell before us Prabhu used to say, 'You go ahead, don't 
look back at me'. But on crossing the marsh we find that Prabhu has 
already been there having no mud on his legs." 

These things he narrated with an engrossed mind and showed 
signs of irritation while his little son was pressing for returning home at 
Bakchar. "I am talking of Prabhu, don't disturb" said he. 

We sat together for a few hours in the afternoon by the side of the 
"Bandhu-Kunda" at Goalchamat beside Sree-Angan and enjoyed 
those talks with a delightful heart. Now we speak of another sweet- 
voiced devotee of Bakchar. His name was Hari Charan Acharjee. His 
tone was as sweet as that of a koil, singing bird. Prabhu used to call 
him 'Madhu Mangal' out of affection. At his Kirtan, not only man but 
even beasts and birds were charmed. This young devotee one day 
saw many auspicious signs, namely a flag, thunder, goad etc under 
the feet of Prabhu. He sang Prabhu's composition throughout his life. 
He breathed his last only a little before 1347 B.E. 

We are closing the chapter by narrating a story about the great 
devotee — Mahim Das of Bakchar. 

Mahim agreed to marry at the bidding of Prabhu who asked him to 
go and come back in Steamer. He was returning with the newly 
married wife in a boat as arranged by his father. They were to cross 
the river Padma. A violent storm began to blow and the boat was 

about to sink. Mahim began to call Prabhu in a piteous voice. When 
the boat was about to sink, it seemed it was pushed to silted river-bed. 
The boat became safe. On reaching Bakchar, Mahim ran to Prabhu and 
found the root of his arm bleeding. On enquiry of Mahim, Prabhu 
said that as his boat was sinking he pushed it up and hence it was 
injured. Mahim was moved with deep sorrow and began to weep. This 
Mahim Chandra was termed by Prabhu as his 'Nijajan', own people. 


At Brahmankanda, Pabna and Nabadwip (period same as of 
last Chapter) 

Prabhu was at Brahmankanda. A Sannyasi, known as 
Premananda Bharati came to him. This Bharati was a disciple of 
Brahmananda Bharati of Varanasi. He was the nephew of the 
Hon'ble Anukul Chandra Mukherjee, a Judge of the Calcutta High 
Court and was himself a pleader in early life. Coming in contact with 
Brahmachari of Barudi, he had become disinterested in worldly 
matters and accepted "Sannyas 1 . But later on, he gave up his 
sannyas dress and shaving off the melted locks of hair, put on the 
Vaishnav dress and became a Vaishnavite. Before coming to 
Brahmankanda, he addressed a pathetic letter in verse to Prabhu. A 
few lines from it are quoted below : — 

"Pran Kanaiya se to tui re 

Tave milan-banchita kahe mui re?" 

"Brajer Sri Kalachand, Nadiar Gorachand, Sansoy to nai ethe 
sansoy to nai re. " 

Thou art indeed Kanai (Krishna), my life. Why then am I deprived 
of union with you? 

Thou art Kalachand of Braja and Gorachand of Nadia, there is no 
doubt about it, no doubt). 

Prabhu did not appear before him in person, but used to talk to 
him from inside his room. Prabhu stole away the heart and soul of 
Bharati. It was through the inspiration of Prabhu that he went over 
to America to preach Vaishnavism there. He was received there with 
great honour. He stayed there for over 10 years and preached the 

cult of Bhakti in New-York, California, and other cities of America. 
He initiated many educated persons of America into Vaisnavism. He 
wrote in English a very worthy book named 'Sri Krishna'while in 
America. There he also established a society named "Sri Krishna 
Home" which did a great service to spread Vaishnavism in America. 

In 1315 B.E. he returned to Calcutta with a good many American 
disciples - both male and female. He had spoken to them about the 
extra-ordinary Prabhu, his action for the uplift of vaisnavism and 
peoples at large. But as Prabhu had closeted himself in a cottage at 
Goalchamat, Faridpur, they could not fulfil their strong desire to have 
a sight of him. 

On coming to Calcutta Premananda Bharati began to publish a 
daily paper. One Chandra Kishore Choudhury of Sylhet worked in its 
Editorial Board. From him this writer could hear all about Bharati 
and much of Prabhu. The name of the paper published by Bharatiji 
was most probably the "Sunrise" or the "Morning News". 

Annada Charan Dutta 
Sisir Kumar Ghosh 

Annada Charan Dutta, Sheristadar of Hooghly was a great devotee 
of Lord Gouranga and hence intimately connected with the great 
Sisir Kumar Ghosh, founder-Editor of the Amrita Bazar Patrika. 
Somehow, Annada Babu and Sisir Babu came to know that 
Gouranga Deva had come down again in the form of Jagad-Bandhu 
in East Bengal. 

Annada Babu used to fall in a trance very often and what he 
would speak when would come true. From such speech others could 
know that Jagadbandhu was going to Navadwip in a steamer on a 
particular day. As soon as the steamer reached Hooghly they got into it 
and were charmed to see Prabhu seated in a first class cabin. Prabhu, of 
course, did not speak anything to them, but in their heart of hearts 
they could feel, who he was. 

Sisir Babu wrote in his Patrika the next day how he felt that 
Prabhu was no other than Lord Gouranga himself in flesh and blood. A 
strong desire arose in the mind of Annada Babu and Sisir Babu to 
have a view of Prabhu again. They went to Nabadwip but Prabhu 

knowing their intention had left for Pabna before their arrival. 

There was a school boy named Radhika Gupta in the town of 
Faridpur. Prabhu one day had the chance to hear a sweet song from 
his lips in the role of "Jaganmata' (Mother of Universe). Prabhu was 
attracted towards him. The boy also one day saw his exquisite 
beauty near the zilla school, and was deeply charmed. 
Henceforward he began to go to Prabhu every now and then. 

Prabhu also took upon himself the charge of the boy as he used to 
in case of many others. He was directed to live a disciplined life 
together with singing Kirtan and uttering the name of Hari. He went to 
Nabadwip at Prabhu' s direction. Prabhu also arrived there a few days 
after. The occasion was the Birth Anniversary celebration of Sree 
Maha Prabhu. With the arrival of Prabhu there, Nabadwip was 
resounding with Kirtan songs. 

Bejoy Krishna Goswami, Premananda Bharati, Atul Champati 
Thakur and many other great devotees were there on the occasion. 
Radhika Gupta obtained blessings of them all, and thought himself 
fortunate. It was at that time Prabhu gave him a new name Ramdas, 
so as to be firm in devotion like Ramdas — Hanuman. Prabhu had 
perhaps reminiscence of famous Murari Gupta, devotee of Sree 
Chaitanya Deva, deeply devoted to the name of Ram. He was 
'Ramdas'Hanuman in Ram Lila. 

Prabhu returned to Brahmankanda with Ramdas. Ramdas under 
the influence of Prabhu became completely indifferent to the worldly 
matters. He was directed by Prabhu to go to Vrindaban where he 
stayed for about a year and performed 'Bhajan' according to the 
written instructions given by Prabhu. 

Thereafter Prabhu asked him to come to him in Calcutta and 
sent his railway fare. Prabhu was putting up at Chasadhopapara 
where Ramdasjee used to give Prabhu much delight with his 
kirtan songs. 

Thus he went on serving Prabhu at Bakchar, Brahmankanda and 
Calcutta for about 4 or 5 years. Prabhu wanted him to save the 
people of the world by preaching and spreading Harinam. "Preach the 
name of Nitai and Gouranga door to door", said Prabhu to him. "This 
is your duty". 

Ramdasjee obeyed this direction of Prabhu Bandhu until his 
passing away in Calcutta on 18th Agrahayan, 1360 B. E. (4th 
December, 1953). He won India-wide fame for his sweet Kirtan. It 
was also at Prabhu' s bidding that Ramdasjee took 'mantra' from 
Sreemat Radharaman Charandas Babajee of Navadwip, but Prabhu 
Jagadbandhu remained Prabhu (Lord) to him all through his life. 

A boy named Bhuban Mohan Ghosh of village Naodubi, not far 
from Rajbari, saw Prabhu at Rajbari railway station and surrendered 
heart and soul to Prabhu at his very sight. He came to 
Brahmankanda to know Prabhu more intimately. Prabhu made him 
his own. When Prabhu had gone to Pabna again, in 1300 B. E. , 
Bhuban Mohan followed him there to see and serve Prabhu. 
Henceforward he remained a constant companion of Prabhu for a few 
years. He drew our reverence by his life of devotion to Prabhu, his 
simple mode of living and above all his sweet voice. He has seen how 
Prabhu lived a holy and secluded life himself and how he talked little 
and whenever he talked, that were heard like the sound of a flute. 
Bhuban Mohan was later named by Prabhu as Nabadwip and was 
called sometimes by him as ~Naba' or 'Nabu' etc. out of affection. 

Whenever Prabhu had been at Pabna he used to meet a great 
saint, called Buro-Shiv (OLD SHIV). Prabhu could recognise him 
truly. He was Advaitacharya in disguise who invoked Lord Gouranga to 
come down to the earth again to remove the corrupt practices and 
emancipate suffering mankind with Harinama, the main principle of 
Vaisnavism. He was found to possess many supernatural powers. He 
was respected by the Hindus and Muslims alike. He was nicknamed 
Haran Kshepa or Haran Fakir also. 

Prabhu used to associate with him so intimately as he was found to 
do with no body else in the world. While Prabhu stayed in Pabna, 
Buro-Sihv came to the house of Golokmani Devi and said to her, 
"Hear sister, hear, thy Jaga (meaning Prabhu) is not a man, take 
care of Jaga. I am too, not a man". Once Ram Govinda Babu, a 
zaminder of Rajbari, had come to Pabna to see Prabhu. Buroshiv led 
him to a cave where Prabhu was sitting in 'Padmasan' posture. Ram 
Govinda Babu was wonder-struck to see the exquisitely bright and 
beautiful appearance of Prabhu. "Just see the God" — asked Shiv to 
Ram Govinda showing Prabhu. 


There we came across another great devotee who realised God in 
Prabhu. It was Devendra Nath Chakravarty of Nabadwip. He be- 
came indifferent to worldly attachments and gave up his post of Head 
Master of the Sylhet Zilla High School. 

He was roaming along the streets of Nabadwip crying always "Jai 
Nitai, Jai Nitai". He became known as 'Jai Nitai'. He went to Pabna 
to see Prabhu. 

Prabhu was staying in the house of a devotee, named Baidyanath 
Chaki, a pleader of Pabna. Jai Nitai went there, saw him and realised 
him to be not different from Gour-Nitai. Prabhu beckoned him to 
come inside the house bolting the door himself and spoke many 
heart-soothing things to him about his identity etc. 

Sitikantha Bhattacharyy a 

On being invited Prabhu went with many devotees at Rajarshi 
Banamali Roy's palatial building at Banawari-nagar. Sitikantha 
Bhattacharyya of Nabadwip Harisabha went to see Prabhu. At his 
earnest request Prabhu came to Nabadwip with sevak Nabadwip Das. 
It was about Aswin, 1300 B.E. 

Prabhu stayed at Hari-Sabha. It was established by the grand- 
father of Sitikantha. Prabhu stayed here on several other occasions 
after this. Once during a Census, while he was in Nabadwip, he hid 
himself in a bush, so that he might not be counted amongst men. 

While he was returning to Bakchar, he came to Krishna Nagar. 
Here one Sarbasukh Sannyal, a great Gymnast became a devotee of 
Prabhu. He at first had no regard for any sadhu or vaisnava. But 
Prabhu one day happened to see him in the street of Krishnanagar 
and predicted serious illness of him. Sannyal did not care this, 
though he was charmed to see Prabhu. 

But a short time after he fell seriously ill and began to invoke 
Prabhu' s blessings ardently. Prabhu appeared before him suddenly, 
from where not known, and after blessing him disappeared. He soon 
recovered and remained devoted to Prabhu throughout the rest of his 
life. Sometimes Prabhu used to send instructions to him. Once he 
wrote a very instructive letter in verse the last four lines of which are 

quoted below : — 

"Govinde arpio sav ohe matiman, 

Parthiva Sukhete kabhu tripti nahi havey • Puran Vedanta Ved 

Sankhyer praman 

Bina chittabritti rodh Santi ki sambhavey?" 

(Oh intelligent one! Offer every thing to Govinda, no satisfaction 
can ever be attained with earthly happiness. Puran, Vedanta and 
Vedas testify to the fact that peace is not possible without restraining 
the mind). 

On another occasion at Navadwip, Prabhu saved Goswami Bala 
Krishna Sachchidananda while he was going to commit suicide in a 
dark night, by plunging into the Ganges. Prabhu seemed to know 
minds of all. Though Prabhu was at a distance, he at once sent 
Navadwip Dasjee to the place and told him to call him by name and 
ask him not to commit suicide. 

Lo, Goswami heard him being called by his name. He looked back 
"how does this boy know my name?" — thought he with astonishment 
and came on the bank. He followed the boy to Hari-Sabha where 
Prabhu was staying. Prabhu consoled him by saying "Repentance is 
enough for the actions for which you were going to commit suicide". 
With these words he stole the mind of Goswami, who was then given a 
new life by Prabhu. He was a disciple of Prabhupad Bijoy Krishna 


In Calcutta & Dacca. 
(Magh, 1300 B. E. - Magh 1307). 

In Magh, 1300 B.E., Prabhu came to Calcutta from Vrindaban 
where he had gone with Navadwip Das two or three months ago from 
Bakchar. He used to go to Vrindaban almost every year, a little 
before Rash-Purnima and stayed for about 2 to 3 months. This time 
during his stay in Calcutta he did a marvellous deed which should 
be commemorated in the social history of India. He was staying at 
Rambagan in a slum cottage of the Doms of Scheduled Caste Com- 
munity. They were poverty-striken, illiterate and addicted to liquor 

with concomitant vices and uncivilized manners. Prabhu inspired 
them to Harinama and to lead a decent life giving up addiction to 
liquor. He thus elevated them to civilized society. Thakur Atul 
Champati was his chief assistant in this work. 

The leading devotees of Doms were Haridas, Tinkari, Pitambar and 
others. Prabhu called Haridas 'Hita Haridas' because he used to do 
'hit (good) to the world by his Kirtan and playing on the 
"Mridanga' in which he became-exceptionally expert. He called 
Tinkari as "Dayal Tinkari', meaning Tinkari the kind hearted. Often 
Kirtans and 'Mohatsavas' were held in these slums of the Doms. 
All, irrespective of caste and creed, used to join. His attempts at 
reformation of the society by abolition of untouchability and prohi- 
bition were demonstrated here as at Faridpur, where his Asram is 
like Sree-Kshetra of Jagannath (Jagadbandhu) . 

Mahatma Sisir Kumar Ghosh. 

Sisir Kumar Ghosh, the great devotee used-to come to Prabhu 
while the latter was putting up at the house of Fatik Majumdar of 
Kumartooly, Calcutta. Prabhu without appearing before him direct, 
which. he seldom did before any new comer, talked to him from in- 
side. It was Prabhu' s grace that brought about a great change in 
him. He could publish his famous 'Amiya Nimai Charit' after getting 
Prabhu' s favour. 

Prabhu used to advise him, "It is Pralaya time. There is want of 
Harinama. Chant Harinama and Tahal (Singing of Hari Kirtan along 
streets before dawn and after night-fall), is the last dharma i.e. most 
important work of virtue". According to the direction of Prabhu, he 
used to sing 'Tahal' with cymbals. 

It was sometime in 1307 B. E. Prabhu after staying at Rambagan 
for a few days went to some other unknown place in Calcutta. 
Champati Thakur found under his seat at Rambagan a note book in 
which the following four names were written by Prabhu in bold letters. 
Lord Curzon, Sisir Kumar Ghosh, Dwarika Mitra, Jatin Thakur. 
Nobody could discern any meaning of it then. But a short time after 
this, in 1307 B. E. plague disease broke out in Calcutta in a virulent 
form. Death was being occurred in increasing number. The beautiful 
city was turned into a cremation ground as it were. No medical aid 

was effective. Mahatma Sisir Kumar Ghosh consulted the then 
Governor Lord Curzon and with the assistance of Justice Dwarika 
Nath Mitra and famous Jatindra Mohan Thakur a great meeting was 
held at Beadon Square. There at Prabhu's direction Champati 
Thakur delivered an instructive lecture whereby he tried to show that the 
germs of Cholera, plague and other epidemic diseases could be 
eradicated with Harinam Sankirtan. It was settled in that meeting at 
the proposal of Sisir Ghosh that a great Sankirtan would be held at 
'Garer Math' i.e. Kirtan procession would visit every part of Calcutta 
including Maidan. Thus we understood why Prabhu wrote the four names 
in his note book. 

In those days, the so-called educated class in general had little or 
no regard for Kirtan. They rather thought that it was for the 
"Chotaloks" (the lower class people). The Doms of Rambagan did 
come forward with Kirtan parties. But gradually all the citizens, 
without distinction of caste and faith took part in Kirtan, out of the 
fear of life at least. Kirtan parties from almost every part of Calcutta 
went to join the Great Kirtan at 'Garer math'. The Hindus, Muslims 
and Christians too participated and no distinction of black and 
white, high and low remained. Lord Curzon himself was present at 
the main place of Kirtan for sometime and thus honoured it. 

At last the great procession of Nama Kirtan began to march on its 
way back to Rambagan, Champati Thakur all along guiding it. 
Prabhu had arrived again at Rambagan by this time. At his sight, the 
skies of Rambagan were rent with high sound of Kirtan. Thencefor- 
ward, the prevalence of that epidemic of plague subsided and eradi- 
cated in a few days. The efficacy of Kirtan was realised by all. Prabhu 
has said in his work 'Trikal' (i) "Kirtan dukkha vinasan" - (Kirtan 
alleviates sorrow), (ii) "Mardalan vyadhivinasan" (Kirtan in accom- 
paniment with Mridangas cures diseases). In his Hari Katha, he has 
said "Harinam Lao bhai ar annya gati nai" (Chant Harinam, without 
which there is no other way out). 

Prabhu foresaw that the age of destruction (Pralay) was near at 
hand. People had lost faith in God. All were full of afflictions. Prabhu 
a Friend of the world (Jagadbandhu) as he was, tried to emancipate 
the world from it by the unfailing power of Hari Maha Kirtan. In his 
'Harikatha' Prabhu wrote that the end of Kali-era was drawing near 
and that would last only 5,000 months i.e., 417 years from and for 

the advent of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Nama Sankirtan by 
his devotees. 

His first, demonstration of the potency of Harinam was, as we have 
seen, made by the Bhaktas of Rambagan. Here and among the Bun^s 
of Faridpur, he showed in practice the real spirit of Vaisnavism, 
which is that even a Chandal is superior to Brahmin if he has ardent 
devotion to Hari - "Chandalopi dwijasreshtho Hari -bhakti -paray - 
ana)". It is in Rambagan that Prabhu composed his great works (i) 
"Trikal' (the information about three Ages - past, present and fu- 
ture) and (ii) 'Chandrapat' (Descent of the Moon). 

During his siay at Rambagan, Prabhu also emancipated some of the 
prostitute women of Calcutta. They were totally changed and began 
to lead a holy life. One name requires special mention — she was 
Surat Kumari (later called Suramata by the devotees of Prabhu ). She 
became repentant of her past life. Having heard of Prabhu, an 
incarnation of Sri Gouranga from Srimat Charandas Babajee while at 
Puri (Sree-Kshetra) she ran after Prabhu and came to Calcutta. She 
learnt that Prabhu had gone to Vrindaban. She went to Vrindaban 
and after searches here and there came to know the whereabouts of 
Prabhu. She one day saw Prabhu bathing in the Jamuna in a palanquin. 
The palanquin was taken into the water and Prabhu getting out of it 
bathed and at once entered in it again. Suramata saw him like a flash 
of lightning. She could not at first understand that it was Prabhu. 
But later on she could know from Navadwip Dasjee that it was 
Prabhu whom she saw at the bathing ghat. She saw him on several 
other occasions. Prabhu gave her some written instructions about 
religious discipline. In one letter, he informed her as a reply to her 
piteous letter praying for 'Darsan' (Sight), "Daughter of Brishabhanu 
(i.e. Radha) forbids, so no meeting can be held. Take bath thrice a 
day. Repeat the name of Hari a hundred thousand times daily. Read 
the Scripture — Sreemad Bhagavat. Commit to memory the Prem- 
bhaktiChandrika of Thakur Narottam Das." She had the good luck of 
bowing down before him when he touched her head with rubber- 
shoeson. "You will not suffer pangs of death as a result of this", said 

We have known that she actually died so. She could not at all feel that 
she was dying. She was speaking normally about her return from the 
hospital while she breathed her last. 

Yadumani was another such woman . She also became very 
penitent for her past life that was changed as a result of Champati 
Thakur's Nama Kirtan and instructions. She was longing for a sight 
of Prabhu, just as a Chataka (swallow) does for rain-water with a dry 
throat. One day he showed her his finger covered with cloth through a 
hole in the wall and she felt satisfied and began to live a pious life, 
as instructed by Prabhu. 

In Calcutta Prabhu used to move along the streets in a hackney 
carriage at the dead of night, for a certain period. Navadwip Dasjee 
always accompanied him on the coach-box. This we heard from the 
mouth of Navadwip Dasjee himself. One might ask whence Prabhu got 
so much money. To satisfy popular curiosity we may say that 
devotees felt themselves lucky in offering him things and money. The 
purpose of such trips at night is best known to him. 

A fact of Prabhu' s arrest and detention at Hooghly is being nar- 
rated below. Once Prabhu got down from train at Hooghly station. A 
police officer seeing him covered all over, suspected him to be a 
fugitive criminal and arrested him. It was night then. Prabhu refused to 
stay in a room used by others, but had no objection to remain in 
cow-shed. He was locked up in the pucca cow-shed of the Nazir. On 
the next morning the door was opened. It was found that Prabhu was 
not there. A commotion arose over it in the town but as Prabhu had 
wired to Suramata in Calcutta informing of his arrest, she appeard 
there the next morning. The Nazir Babu, was frightened at Prabhu' s 
disappearance but assured by Suramata that no danger would occur 
at Prabhu's blessings. In fact, this matter did not proceed further. 
The Nazir by the grace of Prabhu, got promotion in a short time and his 
pay increased. Prabhu said to his devotees one day later on about 
the Hooghly incident that his body was of non-material and that it 
was not bound by time and space. 


We now describe the occasion of Prabhu's coming to Dacca. 
Prabhu came to the place for the first time in the summer of 1301 B. E. 
Ramesh Babu and other devotees were staying in a Boarding House 
at Moulavibazar. Prabhu was given a separate room which was cleared 
and cleansed with cowdung mixed with water . 

Here also Prabhu used to roam about at the dead of night with one 

or two devotees. He did, however, return after a short stay. He next 
went there in Magh of 1305 B.E. He reached Narayanganj by steamer 
where a special train was waiting for Nawab Salimulla of Dacca. 
Prabhu in a lordly demeanour got into that very special train. The 
Nawab and his Private Secretary Mr. J. L. Girth were charmed to see 
the uncommon beauty and loveliness of his lustrous body and they 
did not go on board that train. They rather made every arrangement 
for being availed of by Prabhu and his party to reach Dacca 

In Dacca Prabhu went to the garden house of Ramdhan Saha at 
Tikatuly, which still exists. He was a great Vaisnava and built a temple 
for Radha-Govinda in that graden. But before the images were in- 
stalled, Prabhu took his seat there. Shahajee was rather glad at 
Prabhu' s stay there for some days. 

We have heard that the Muslim Mali (gardener) of the garden 
became very eager for a sight of Prabhu. Coming to know that 
Prabhu bathed in the tank before dawn, he kept himself concealed 
near the tank. He found that a pillar of lightning completely covered 
with cloth jumped into the water at the side of the tank, far away 
from the ghat. With his body covered with cloth as before but looking 
all the more beautiful he returned inside the temple house. The 
gardener was enchanted at his beauty and became very much 
devoted to Prabhu. Prabhu blessed him so that no descendant of his 
would ever suffer from poverty. We have learnt that his sons and 
grand- sons are living happily. 

Ramesh Chakravarty, a school teacher in Dacca and Kalindi 
Mohan were at that time living at Nawabpur Mess. Purna Chandra 
Ghosh, Sudhanya Sarkar, Pyari Mohan and other devotees also were 
living near about. They used to serve Prabhu with great joy in Dacca. 
Kalindi Mohan's real name was Kalimohan, but Prabhu used to call 
him Kalindi Mohan just as he called his brother Durgamohan as 
Ananga Mohan. 

Ramesh Chakraborty was not a graduate. But he served as a Pro- 
fessor of History for some time as Prabhu prophesied long ago. He 
also wrote a book named 'Brahmacharyya' based on Prabhu' s 
teachings while he was living in Calcutta with a friend of his. Later 
on while Prabhu was returning from Dacca by steamer, he was in a 

state of great emotional fervour and expressed to Nabadwip who he 
was. "Govinda is the beginning of all, the origin of all creation. His 
existence depends on nothing whatsoever, being the Supreme Being 
Himself — He is Sri Sri Krishna and Sri Sri Gouranga. He, who is the 
combination of all powers of these two Lilas of Sri Sri Krishna and Sri 
Sri Gouranga, is Sri Sri Haripurus Prabhu Jagadbandhu. Know me as 
to be the same." Thus Navadwip came to know his real indentity and 
spoke of it to the world delightfully. 

Dr. Usha Ranjan Majumdar of Dacca was the Professor of Purna 
Chandra Ghosh and Sudhanya Sarkar and others at Mitford Hospital 
and a follower of Brahma Dharma or religion. One day while at Ram 
Saha's garden house, Prabhu called Sudhanya and directed him to 
call a Doctor as he was suffering from 36 crores of diseases. Sudhanya 
ran to Usha Babu and called him hurriedly. Usha Babu said to this 
writer a few years ago that he was taking his mid-day meal then, but 
hearing Prabhu' s illness he left with Sudhanya without taking his 
meal. Prabhu removed his clothes and asked him to examine. After 
examining for a while he was wonder-struck to find that Prabhu was 
quite normal though there were no pulse or heart beats. He felt him- 
self fortunate in having the opportunity of touching Prabhu. This 
worked like electricity in him. A change was noticed in him from 
that day onward. He was not, but became a believer in the Divine 
and a devotee of Prabhu. Prabhu gave him many spiritual instruc- 
tions and also showed him how to correctly practise repeating "OM" in 
a musical tone. Usha Babu one day demonstrated this before me. He 
lived a long life and practised as a Homoeopathic Doctor of repute at 
Comilla. He passed away only a few Years ago. 

A Sadhu of Dacca, Tripurilinga Swami by name, used to talk 
derisively about Prabhu, to whoever he met, Ramesh Babu and oth- 
ers. "Who is your Prabhu?" he asked again and again. Ramesh Babu 
aggrieved at heart, informed this to Prabhu. Prabhu wrote on a piece of 
paper the words in Bengali and sent it to Ramesh Babu. Blocks of this 
writing have been printed in many books on Prabhu : — 


Name : — Jagad Bandhu. 

Janma : — Mahendra Kshana. 

Murshidabad : — Raj. 

Charihasta Purush. 


Hari Mahabataran. 



At Goalchamat Sree Angan : (1305 B. E. - 1308 B. E.) 

Sri Krishna came to the earth and performed his Lila in 
Vrindaban - the forest area where Vrinda and other milk-men and 
milk-maids dwelt. While he came again united with Radha, himself 
within and Radha outside, he chose the reverse of Ban(wood), that 
is., Nabadwip as his place of Lila and that was originally an island 
(Dwip) as secluded as a forest. Then again when he came to com- 
plete his Nabadwip Lila, he chose first Bakchar i.e. the island called 
Bak for his Lila and then finally Goalchamat where milkmen (goalas) 
dwelt and which was also full of woods, when Prabhu came to set up 
his Angan. Bakchar and Goalchamat are the two Angans made and 
used by Prabhu. Goalchamat is a suburb of the Faridpur town near 
Jessore Road. 

Then one after-noon in Baisakh of 1305 B.E. Prabhu was pro- 
ceeding towards the town accompanying Navadwip Das. He stopped 
suddenly just behind the Darbesh Bridge. On the right side there 
was a jungle area within which lay an elevated land with a 'Chalita 
tree' in one side and a few 'Jhau' trees abounding. This Chalita tree 
was a very old one and still exists. This perhaps reminded him of 
Vrinda forest and Sree Krishna. Prabhu writes in his 'Trikal' that 
Krishna is of shyam (bright dark) colour resembling the leaf of the 
Chalita tree. Here Prabhu desired to set up Sri Angan, his abode. 

He called Ramsundar and Ram kumar Mudi, the owners of the 
land to give him the place for making his Angina. They replied that it 
was only a piece of good luck if they could do it. "We make a gift of it 
to you", replied they. 

Prabhu ordered Kunja Behari to erect four rooms there. He sent him 
money from Calcutta. On the 23rd day of Jyastha of 1306 B.E. 
Prabhu took his seat at the Angina in the midst of grand Nama 
Kirtan. From here Prabhu went to Calcutta and at times to the 
neighbouring places like Bakchar, Badarpur, or houses of some 

devotees in the town. 

While he came to the Angina he often accompanied by Kedar Sil. 
Prabhu named him 'Upananda' and hence called him 'Kaha' 
(uncle), affectionately. He possessed very melodious voice. He sang 
kirtan daily for Prabhu. Prabhu would himself play on the "Mridanga' 
while Kaha sang. With him Prabhu also used to roam in the night. In 
moon-lit nights, Prabhu used to recite occasionally in a low voice the 
Rashlila from Hari-Katha, composed by himself. Tears rolled down 
from his bright cheeks, at that time. 

Prabhu at times used to dance very gracefully in the Angan, while 
Kaha sang Kirtan together with other devotees. Prabhu used to tell 
Kaha that it was Pralay time and without Harinam there was no 
other way to protect the creation. "This time man, not only man, but 
you will see that even stones and bricks of the road will dance with 
Harinam. The earth will be tottering with Harinam and Love", said 
Prabhu to him. Prabhu once said to him that the Chalita tree was 
Yogo-maya herself protecting him under her arbour as it were. Kaha 
used to say about Prabhu that his face was like the moon. His lips 
would glow as red as "telakucha' even in deep darkness, added he. 
His body was splendidly soft like butter. Prabhu would take food, 
even cooked and offered with a pure heart by people without distinc- 
tion of caste. 

There was a great devotee of Prabhu at Goalchamat, whose name 
was Gourkishore Saba. One day he saw Prabhu in the Bandhu 
Kunda on the west of the Angina. His head only was above the water 
looking like a lotus with swarming bees over it. His heart and soul 
were stolen by Prabhu with that very sight. Thenceforward he began 
to come to Prabhu who made him an ideal Vaishnab. A Kirtan party 
was formed by him at Goalchamat. 

Though belonging to lower caste his great ur^e made Prabhu great 
accept the food cooked in his house and brought by him. One day he 
was told by Prabhu to bring some cooked food on a new-moon night. 
Gourkishore was exceedingly happy and ran home to bring it. He had 
come upto the Darbesh Bridge and was proceeding very cautiously. 

It was a dark night but he found bright and wide light was 
stretched upto him from the Angina. Gour Kishore could realise that 
the light was from nowhere other than the body of Prabhu. Gour 

Kishore was used to repeat this event to the devotees till his death. 
Prabhu was Chandraputra and hence a lustre like moon-beam was 
sometimes seen shooting from his body. 

In the neighbouring Tepakhola village, there was a great devotee of 
Prabhu, named Mathuranath Karmakar. One day at the house of 
Badal Biswas of Badarpur, he had chance to see Prabhu through a 
hole in the wall. He used to read the Chaitanya Bhagavat and seeing 
Prabhu, he became all the more devoted and thought that Prabhu 
was just like the preson as described in the Chaitanya Bhagavat. 

Prabhu showed him special favour after the former's coming over 
to Goalchamat Angina. One day he gave him on a slip of paper 
"Twelve names of Prabhu" to be learnt by him :- 

(1) Hari, 

(2) Maha-uddharan 

(3) Purush 

(4) Jagad Bandhu 

(6) A. 

(7) U. A. 



U U 


u u 



The first 4 of these show the attributes of Prabhu, and the last 8 
vowelic names show that all the sounds, or parts thereof may be 
reduced to vowelic sounds, consonants being omitted. These are but 
seeds of Prabhu' s names. 

At Tepakhola there were also other devotees of Prabhu, who came 
to him a little later. Abinash Babu, Jadav, Banku Nag, Nitya Go pal 
Sarkar were amongst them. This vilest of creature, myself, heard 
many wonderful experiences about Prabhu from the lips of Nitya Go pal 

Rajani Nag. 

Rajani Nag of Jnanadia (near Tepakhola) was another devotee of 
Prabhu, who got his blessings while at Goalchamat Sree-Angan. In his 
melodious voice Prabhu said to him, "Rajani, chant Harinam. Take 
shelter under the feet of Gour-Nitai. Practise 'bhajan' following the 
Gopis of Vrindaban and thus live in bliss". "Harinam", Prabhu used 
to say, "is not the name of Hari-thakur (God Hari) but Harinam 
constitutes Guru, Gouranga, Gopi, Radha and Shyam. By uttering 
"Haribol' all these sacred names of Gods are uttered". 

After Prabhu' s coming to Sree Angan, Faridpur, many more stu- 
dents of Schools and Colleges began to come to him. He took charge 
of their moral life and gave them instructions accordingly. He also 
insisted on them to study their lessons attentively. "Read throughout 
the night and bathe before dawn", said Prabhu to them. He advised 
them not to give up studies before graduation. 

In Aswin, 1306 B.E., a young devotee of Prabhu, as a represen- 
tative of many others, eagerly prayed to Prabhu not to be confined 
within closed doors but to show himself to all so that they might be 
happy by seeing him. In reply to this Prabhu said very sorrowfully, 
"Who wants me, none. No body wants to take the trouble for me and 
utter repeatedly the name of Hari. I want to keep all with me, but all 
go away on account of their past actions." Pausing for a while, he 
said "You will see that a day will come when you will all cry for 
hearing a word of mine. Lacs of people will remain surrounding me. 
The earth will tremble with their Harinam. Nobody will be able to 
avoid my hand, mind you. " 

Prabhu did, however, mix with the boys more freely from Aswin to 
Chaitra, 1306 B.E. He imparted many instructions and messages to 
them during this time. Among those the following may be cited as 

"You are great sinners of the world. You have been floating away 
like straw in the current. You are safe as I have protected you. Don't 
forget me under the delusion of Kala (Time) and Kali. Such people will 
come to me in course of time that you will be spell-bound to see 
them. They will remain absorbed in Harinam day and night. People 
come to me and want this and that, but scarcely does anybody want 

devotion for Harinam, or that he be elevated from his miserable spiri- 
tual condition. The earth is merged in delusion. You remember me 
once a day, sins and sorrows will all be burnt to ashes." 

The young devotees were filled with joy in remembrance of 
Prabhu's sweet face, full of love and loveliness. Each one thought 
that Prabhu loved him most. The figure and appearance of Prabhu 
were such that whoever saw his lustrous and well-shaped body or 
touched it he had not the slightest doubt in his mind that he was 
Divine and not a man. "A man cannot have such effulgence and 
attractive appearance," said they. Such effulgence and beauty only 
Lord Gouranga possessed. Those who had seen Prabhu even for a 
moment, would realise how sweet and graceful the appearance of Sree 
Gouranga Deva was. 

After Prabhu's coming to Faridpur (Goalchamat, Sree Angan), there 
was no fixed arrangement for Prabhu's ~seva' (service and at- 
tendance). But food stuff of various kinds used to come from the 
neighbouring villages in the Sree Angan. He got most of them dis- 
tributed amongst the devotees present. Some fruits or a small quan- 
tity of rice and curry, brought by some devotees, Prabhu used to take 

Gradually, he reduced his diet. The door of his dwelling hut was 
no longer kept open even for a short time. Written instructions and 
directions were becoming less. In 1307 B.E. he said to some of his 
young devotees, "Look here, a time will come when I shall be like one 
paralysed ; no intellectual consciousness will remain except that of a 
boy of five years. Then you will be my guardians." 

At last Jagad-Bandhu, the Friend of the World, appeared to be- 
come indifferent to human matters outside. But his attention was 
always fixed upon the welfare of the world. Having touch of Prabhu's 
grace, many great minds of the time set themselves to the service of 
minkind in social, political or religious fields. We have heard that 
Prabhu sent letters to Deshbandhu Chitta Ranjan, Maharsi 
Devendranath Tagore and others in his name for their guidance. 
Prabhu cherished very high opinion about the Bengalees. In his great 
work 'Trikal' he says "a Bengalee is an image of God". He told also that 
the independence of India would come without bloodshed. 

Badal Biswas. 

Badal Biswas of Badarpur was looked with favour by Prabhu even 
when he was at Brahmankanda. Later he was a sevait of Prabhu at 
Goalchamat Sree Angan. At home, he lived a pure life together with 
his wife. There was a separate shed for Prabhu in his house, where 
Prabhu used to stay occasionally. There was a tamarind tree near his 
house. Prabhu used to lie down under that tree for few nights 

The fruits of that tree, which were sour, became very sweet. 
Biswasji used to repeat one lakh Harinam daily and performed 
Kirtan in a loud voice, as directed by Prabhu. He used to bring for 
Prabhu whatever good things would be produced in his house. While 
Prabhu would remain at Bakchar Angina, where Prabhu's "seva" still 
exists, Biswasji would carry eatables, including cooked food, there. 
He was fearless to travel to and from Bakchar, even in dark nights, 
during rain and storm, and was full of joy in remembrance of 
Prabhu. He would often carry on his head the • bundle of religious 
books of Prabhu just as Navadwip Dasjee did. One day at Faridpur 
Sree Angan, Prabhu showed him the palm of his hand. Biswasji was 
struck with wonder to see the holy astrological signs on it. 

Chota Jai Nitai 

After establishment of the Sree Angan at Goalchamat, Hara Roy, a 
rich and luxurious man of Calcutta, remained in Prabhu's service for 
some time. After Hara Roy, a young devotee named Jai Nitai who was 
called by devotees as "Chota Jai Nitai or Gutil Jai Nitai" (He had a 
small tumour on his right cheek, hence the epithet 'Gutil') was in 
Prabhu's service. He was thus differentiated from Devendra 
Chakravarty, the senior Jai Nitai. However, Chota Jai Nitai began 
Prabhu's Seva in right earnest and used to sing Kirtan in the 
morning and evening. He would sing no other Kirtan except those of 
Prabhu. Then as fate would have it, one afternoon a woman came to 
visit Sriangan with a man who went away assuring that he would 
return soon to take her back. He did not turn up and Chota Jai Nitai 
was to escort the woman to her house. Nobody else knew it. On the 
next day, when he stood before Prabhu's hut in the Angan, Prabhu 
ordered in a grave voice, "Go home, never come again to Angan in 
your life. Your body has become defiled with the association of a 


Drops of tears began to roll down from Jai Nitai's cheeks. But 
nothing could melt the heart of Prabhu. He was softer than flower, at 
the same time harder than thunder. Jai Nitai saluting Prabhu at 
heart, went to the house of a young devotee of the town. He 
practically gave up food and drink. The body became thinner and 
thinner. He went home after about a month and a half. Sometime 
after reaching home, that self-respecting conscientious person left 
this word. 

After Chota Jai Nitai, Tarakeswar Banik, B. A. (Gopi Krishna Das) 
was a sevait fora little less than two years. He served with all his 
heart. But he used to test Prabhu' s power at times by such means 
as, "If Prabhu does this without being asked, I shall know him to be 
an incarnation of God". One day Prabhu told him not to do so, as it 
would rot his soul. 

Last Part 

Post - youth period 

closeted in the hut at Sree Angan, Goalchamat 

(Ashar 1309 B. E. - Magh, 1325 B. E.) 

In the middle of the month of Ashar, 1309 B.E. Prabhu was in 
Calcutta. One day he said to his dear young devotee Nabadwip, 
"Don't feel sorry, I stop speaking from to-day". He went thereafter to 
Dacca, where he was on the last day of the year 1308. He left Dacca 
in Jaistha, 1309. Returning from Dacca he became almost silent. He 
reached Goalchamat Sree Angan in Ashar, 1309 and shut himself up 
in mud built cottage for about 17 years till Magh, 1325, observing 
complete silence. The cottage was a small thatched one 12 cubits 
long and 7 cubits broad having no window in it. 

There was thick darkness inside, but he, a person of light, re- 
mained there without any artificial light for such a long period. At 
his unparalleled beauty many thought him to be of supernatural im- 
age, full of love. He, too had said to his devotees before self-con- 
finement that they would not be able to stand the then lustre of his 
body as all the characteristics of Vishnu would have been appearing 
on his person. 

In fact, it became difficult for ordinary men to look at his body. 

Some would swoon away at the sight of his lustrous body. Prabhu 
had said that he would mix with all after abolishing the signs of 
Vishnu with disease. 

Writing materials were kept within his room by the sevaits. He 
used to write necessary slips or letters of instruction till 1314 B.E. 
But, thereafter, he would throw out any such materials if ever kept 

Nobody can say or guess fully what was the significance of his 
being thus mysteriously closeted. It was best known to himself. Only 
God or godly persons can do a thing which might serve Several pur- 
poses. It might be to quicken life into the great spiritual or political 
aspiration of the day, or it might be to demonstrate how extreme 
stages may come in a devotee's life. Or, it might be to enjoy for 
himself the sweetness of Gour Lila. We shall try to analyse this topic 
in a separate chapter called "His Philosophy". After Prabhu kept 
himself thus shut, his meal (Bhog) was offered to him preparing it 
with utmost purity. The sebait was to make a heartful prayer for 
opening the door. He would partially open the door and stand apart 
from the sight of sevait. 

Towels for wiping the face were kept in a trunk within his holy 
hut. Just after taking some food, he would wash his hands and face 
and then would wipe them. The sound of opening the trunk was an 
indication of 'bhog' having been finished and then all the utensils of 
~bhog' would be brought out very cautiously. If any impurity crept in 
the cooking, Prabhu would not touch it. The 'bhog' had to cook again 
and offer. 

After Prabhu' s confinement in the hut, a young man named 
Krishnadas had performed his seva for about 7 years. At the direc- 
tion of Prabhu he used to sing 'Tahal' Kirtan devoutly. While Prabhu 
was at Kumartooly house, one day he threw over his head a flower as 
a blessing. With the touch of the flower, he became possessed with 
the feeling of Gopi and remained so for about a month. 

Sevait Krishnadas 

Krishnadasjee left Sree Angan in 1317 B.E. though he used to 
come occasionally afterwards. After him came Kshiroda Devi, daugh- 

ter of Digambari Devi who brought up Prabhu in childhood, with her 
husband Atul Chandra Champati (Champati Thakur) and one 
Gouranga Das. Kshiroda Devi would return to her maternal uncle 
Tarini chakravarty's house nearby. Tarini Chakravarty had by this 
time abandoned their home -stead at Brahmankanda. She together 
with those two was in charge of Prabhu' s 'Seva' for about two and a 
half years . But, for 12 days from 3rd Agrahayan, 1319 Prabhu did 
not open the door nor take any food. All the Bhaktas were very much 
anxious at this. All feared that some impurity there must have been. 
They made arrangement for Harinam to be sung day and night 
continuously. Though he opened the door once for a few minutes on 
the 6th Agrahayan, he took nothing. Then upto the 14th, he did not 
at all open the door. 

Seeing no other way, the Bhaktas cut a part of the eastern wall of 
the hut and entered in. Then on opening the door it was found that 
Prabhu was all right, though he remained with his face upwards and 
eyes fixed towards the sky. Some food was offered and all came out 
as Prabhu did not generally take any thing before others. 

On the next day Atul Champati, Kshiroda Devi, Gouranga Das left 
charge of Prabhu' s Seva on their own accord. Badal Biswas Mahasay 
took upon himself the charge. From that day upto 1325 B.E. or so he 
being assisted by others performed Seva of Prabhu with stem 

After that 12 days' fast a big public meeting was held in the 
Faridpur town, in which it was decided to form a "Supervising Com- 
mittee" to see that no corruption might creep in the Sree Angan. In 
another meeting it was settled that a committee called the "Trust 
Committee" be formed to look after Prabhu' s seva and proper use of 
Sree Angan Fund. Many Bhaktas used to send voluntarily money for 
seva of Prabhu and so the Sree Angan Fund was constituted and this 
was managed by the Trust committee for some years. 

On Sita Navami Tithi of Baisakh, 1314, celebration of Birth 
Anniversary of Prabhu was first held at Goalchamat Sree Angan. In 
that year, continuous Kirtan for eight 'Prahars'; that is, for the whole 
day and night was held. "Prasad' was distributed to all. But after 
that, gradually this ceremony had been observed as a festival for 
continuous 7 days, beginning from the 'Sita Navami Tithi'. 

Birth Anniversary of Prabhu 

On this occasion innumerable Bhaktas, men and women, used to 
come to Sree Angan from far and wide. Continuous Kirtan of 
Harinam by different parties was performed with great ardour and 
enthusiasm. 'Path' — Reading of holy books and meetings were held. 
There was no caste barrier in taking 'Prasad'. This shows the glory of 
the universal religion of Love of Prabhu. Even Muslims joined in it. 
Thus Prabhu laid the foundation of real socialism in India. Here all 
are equal, at least from this point of view. Many improvements have 
been brought about in the management and celebration of the Birth 
Anniversary by the present Sree Angan Committee, presided over by 
the learned America-returned devotee, Dr. Mahanambrata 

From the 16th of Agrahayan, 1319 i.e. from the day of Badal 
Biswasjee's taking charge of Prabhu's Seva, arrangement was made 
so that Prabhu might not close the door of eastern side from within. 
It was locked from outside, so that the Bhaktas could go in at will 
and perform seva. The southern side door was kept at Prabhu's dis- 
posal and he could close or open it himself. 

A small compartment with tin-roof and attached to the main hut 
was used by Prabhu as latrine which was cleansed every day by 

During his self-imposed confinement for nearly 17 years, from the 
first part of 1309 B.E. to the last part of 1325 B.E. innumerable 
men, rich and poor, sinners and saints, bhaktas and non-bhaktas, 
sufferers ctr non-sufferers, all classes of people came to him having 
heard of his supernatural power and charm. It was their earnest de- 
sire to have a momentary sight 'DARSHAN' of him. They eagarly 
waited and piteously prayed to him "Prabhu, be kind, grant us to 
have a sight of you". Though nobody could have a full view of him 
during the time, it cannot be denied that some fortunate persons had 
momentary glimpses of him, especially after the new pucca temple 
was erected in 1320 B.E. In this temple, which had a straw thatched 
roof then, Prabhu used to come now and then through the covered 


It was the first day of Agrahayan, 1320 B.E. when Prabhu ap- 
peared to be suffering from Bronchitis, he was coughing violently 
and vomiting at times. The Sevait Badal Biswas and other Bhaktas 
became anxious. One devotee of the town came with two physicians, 
one a Doctor and the other a Kaviraj. They examined him fully but, 
to their wonder, they found that no beat could be felt in either of his 
pulse or at heart. The condition of the lungs also showed no symp- 
toms of any disease. Being asked as to his willingness for taking any 
medicine, he covered his face with the hands. 

At the request of the Bhaktas, the doctor prescribed an ointment 
for massage. Then the Doctors went away without taking any fees. 
They assured the Bhaktas that they would be always coming when- 
ever called during the day or night. But outward symptoms of the 
disease did not disappear. The Physicians were again called. 

On the previous occasion visited Dr. Promode Lai Choudhury and 
Kaviraj Srish Chandra Gupta. This time another famous doctor, 
named Anath Bandhu Gupta accompanied them. This time, too, they 
could not feel his pulse or any beat of his heart. They declared that 
he had no illness. One of them said to another, "what kind of exami- 
nation will you do, you have got the fortune of touching and seeing 
Prabhu, just avail of that." 

But for two days he appeared to be suffering. No medicine could be 
administered. He took neither food nor drink during the days. He 
kept his silence all along. Many people availed themselves of the 
opportunity of seeing and touching him. Nobody could say why he 
took upon show of such illness on his body. We believe that it was 
simply to give the chance of serving and seeing him to those lucky 
persons. From the next morning he appeared all right. There was no 
mark of any disease in him. On several occasions both before and 
after this self-imposed confinement, he did so purely to grace some 
fortunate ones. 

Bandhu Basanti Utsav 

It was the 13th day of the Lunar month in Magh, 1320 B.E. the 
twelfth year of his confinement, Prabhu. got shaved and bathed. It 

was the day on which Nityananda Prabhu appeared on earth. He 
looked gay and cheerful. Prabhu was prayed to by a devotee to come 
out of the close doors once. He smiled. 

After a short while, he slowly and gracefully moved and appeared 
under the Chalita tree, adjoining his room, and then proceeded upto 
the other part of the yard. For about 4 or 5 minutes he remained 
outside, looking over the sky and moving to and fro. Then he went 
back slowly into his room. He was stark-naked then, but had his 
black rubber shoes on. Prabhu always used rubber shoes. On that 
day some settlement officers were there at the time, who almost 
swooned at the sight of Prabhu. 

He came out for the next two days also, at the same time in the 
same charming manner, and stood outside for almost same duration. 
The Bhaktas felt an unprecedented joy at this sight after about 12 
years. They celebrated this as a festival on the last day of his coming 
out, i.e. on the full- mo on day. 

From the next year till to-day, this auspicious coming out for three 
days is being commemorated by holding for the three 'Tithis' a 
festival called "Bandhu Basanti Utsav". Who knows why he chose the 
'Tithi' on which Sri Nityananda Prabhu came on earth. What 
connection has he with Nityananda? 

Anyway, from this time onward for two years, he satisfied the great 
urge of the people to have a look at him. While so many people came 
to the Angina, it would be resounding with an uproar of Kirtan 
songs. At about 10 O'clock in the morning the crowds could see him' 
from a distance. On Saturdays and other office holidays crowds 
would be very big. it would exceed two thousand at times. The more 
they saw, the more they wanted to see. They would be gazing like 
images in painting, at his charming, naked, lustrous body. His 
complexion turned milk-white and mixed up as if with a varnish 
paint of lac. 

From Baisakh, 1323 B.E. such sights were unavailable. But in the 
Birth Anniversaries of this and subsequent years, people began to 
gather at the Angina in larger and larger number. Hundreds of 
people came from different places of Bengal and other parts of India. 
And it is probable that the ardent Bhaktas would get glimpses of 
Prabhu on those occasions. 

On the 2nd day of the Birth Anniversary of 1324 B.E. while the 
Bhaktas of Dacca were rending Angina with their Kirtan songs of the 
"Jagad Bandhu Purush Hari" in the morning with an eager heart for 
a sight of Prabhu he opened the southern door of the new temple and 
using a door-bar for a stick, wAS standing there fora few minutes in 
a graceful pose. At that time, some saw him as the Lord of Dancers 
like Bal-Gopal, some as the King of Kings with a sceptre in hand, 
while others as the Kirtan-dancer Gorachand. 

While his devoted attendant Satyabrata tried to touch his feet 
saying "Oh my Lord", he gave him a mild strike with the staff in 
hand. At this, Satyabrata shed tears of joy. Thousands of people 
present there touched the feet of Satyabrata and thought themselves 

From Nityagopal I heard very interesting experiences of his own 
about Prabhu. One day after taking 'bhog', offered in the night, 
Prabhu was going to open the 'trunk' for wiping his face, as usual, 
with a towel kept within it by the Sevaka. Nityagopaljee saw a halo of 
bright green light shooting forth from Prabhu' s body upto the trunk. 
Prabhu proceeded to the 'trunk' with a graceful movement and not 
rubbing the face with towel as we generally do, pressed it against the 
cheeks and other parts of the face in a right royal style and kept it 
back after the face got dry. Nityagopaljee could see it because the 
door was open at that time. 

Another day's experience of his is still more interesting. 
Nityagopaljee was sitting in the Kitchen. Sounds of a sweet musical 
note reached his ears. "Prabhu is perhaps playing on some musical 
instruments", he thought. When he went near his room, no sound 
could be heard. He came back and heard the sound again. It was 
known later on that there was no musical instrument in his room. 
Where could this music originate from? It must have been some di- 
vine music-player appeared to give enjoyment to Prabhu. 

Mahendrajee who styled himself Matichhanna Mahendra had 
taken charge of Prabhu' s Seva, and met Sri Jogendra Kaviraj of 
Rajbarl, a great devotee of Prabhu and writer of a worthy book in 
Bengali named "Prem Yog." Mahendrajee spoke of his intention to 
preach the name and teachings of Prabhu all around. He felt inspired 
at the consent of Kaviraj Mahasay in the matter. He also got some 

indication of Prabhu's consent. He gradually formed an excellent 
Kirtan party. This was the basis of what later on came to be known 
as 'Mahanam Sampradaya'. In fact, all the followers of Prabhu 
Jagadbandhu belonged to the 'Mahanam Sampraday". 

Mahendrajee determined to go from place to place with his group 
and preach the ideals of Prabhu by singing his name and Lila. On 
making arrangements for the seva in Sree Angan, he went out in 
1323 B.E. He would, of course, come to Sree Angan occasionally. He 
held Mahanam Kirtan for 8-Prahar (24 hours) continuously in 
innumerable towns and villages of Bengal (East and west), and even 
outside it, in Patna, Varanasi, Allahabad etc. Many educated boys 
and youths were inspired by his preachings and joined his group. 
Those who had no attachment for worldly matters and wanted to 
become Sadhus were taken as Brahmacharis. Mahendrajee showed 
no regard for his own comfort. He and his group cared little for food 
and sleep. People were struck with wonder to see the firmness of 
their faith in Prabhu. For some time Kunjadasjee, a member of the 
group, was entrusted with the work of preaching Mahanam indepen- 
dently with the Kirtan party in different distant places like 
Allahabad, Patna etc. After Prabhu resorted to the persent state 
(Dana) they all came with Mahendrajee to Sree Angan and engaged 
themselves in making Prabhu constantly hear the Mahanam. 
Mahendrajee passed away in Magh, 1350. 

Kunja Dasjee was the senior-most among the living members 
of the original Mahanam Sampraday. He was next to 
Mahendrajee and lived at Sree Angan for several years. He then 
established an Ashram of Prabhu at Daha-para, the birth place of 
Prabhu. Worship of Prabhu's image and Annual Birth Anniversary 
are being performed there with all earnestness. Kunjadasjee was 
an ideal devotee, absorbed in Bhajan . His voice was very sweet 
and he could sing Kirtan excellently well daily even in his 
advanced age. He had a wide range of study of all the Vaisnabite 
Sastras, including those of Prabhu. 


End of closetedness and the last stage 

Gradually, the end of Magh 1325 B.E. drew near. On the 28th of 
this month, Prabhu showed an indication of his willingness to end 
his living in seclusion. He broke his silence by uttering in faltering 
tone the syllables "Fa-Fa-Faridpur". 

He took on his body a disease just before coming out, by which the 
right side of his body appeared to be paralysed. He also made the 
Vishnu-signs on his body disappear. He, of course, was found to 
walk a few steps as if he had no disease, during this so-called 
diseased condition even. He had already predicted in his mysterious 
book "Chandrapat 1 , composed in 1306 B.E. that he would do Lila as 
a lame and decrepit person ( 'Durddharsha rahasya Koi Pangu Panga 
Pangama - p. 2). This Chandrapat was composed 19 years ahead of 
the actual happening and was published by Sri Suresh Ch. 
Chakravarty, most probably in 1309 B.E. 

In the third edition the date of publication was given as Baisakh, 
1323 B.E. Also in Hari-katha, written in the same year, he says while 
describing complete rest condition of Radha-Krishna, "Pangu ranga 
bhukti bhanga patana patu". In this book he has spoken about him- 
self at places, in the midst of describing previous Lilas. 

He further said in the "Chandrapat" about himself that he would 
become a child of five years and float in the task of rescue, and that 
the fallen persons (designated "Kita" or 'worms' by Prabhu) would 
come to him in terror of sorrows and miseries and in the noose of 
their fallen condition. 

(cf "Pancham barshiya Sishu Uddharane bhase. Tapa trasa pats 
pass kit pace ase-Page 3). 

He predicted verbally also to his young followers long before his 
self-confinement that he would become stupefied and they should 
protect him then. 

When his child-like state and the stage of apparent understanding 
almost ceased, he walked out of the cottage by the southern door 
just reclining on the shoulders of a devotee on the 5th Falgoon, 1325 
B.E. When asked where he would go, he gave his assent to go to the 

house of Kedar Kaha, which was nearby. He was carried there in an 
easy chair and stayed for sometime delightfully. Then he showed his 
willingness to go to the village Tepakhola, full of his devotees. The 
news of Prabhu's coming out of confinement spread in the town of 
Faridpur like wild fire. People began to pour in Sree Angan. While in 
or out of Sriangan, Kirtan was being sung as he had already said 
years ago that he belonged to Harinam and to nothing else. He had 
also said that if there would be no Harinam he would become lifeless 
like stone by remaining continuously within his room. But he did not 
become stone-like because of his beseechings for Harinam and 
chanting of Harinam by his devotees. It was quite evident during his 
Birth Anniversaries. 

His mission of deliverance brought him near to people. It was 
possible for the common man to come to him, to touch him, to serve 
and to love him, which went to ameliorate them. Even in this condi- 
tion he was exceedingly attractive and beautiful, though those who 
saw him before. were moved to tears in seeing his decay. But even 
then his body was felt exceedingly soft and unusually charming. 

In Gouranga Lila he had to take Sannyasa to change the minds of 
the 'Pandits' and their derisive attitude and to draw their minds to 
God. This time he devised novel way of appearing to be diseased and 
helpless, so that all without exception might come to him. When the 
pupils of schools and the colleges heard that Prabhu was out on the 
street, they all, together with their teachers came out of their 
institutions to have a glance of Prabhu. Judges and Magistrates 
stopped work and came by the side of the Jessore Road. For exces- 
sive rush on the street some got up on the roofs of their houses, 
some on trees, while others began to run towards him. 

A big Kirtan party, singing "Jai Jagad Bandhu Bol, Hari Bol, Hari- 
Bol", in accompaniment of Mridanga and cymbals was following him. 
Others who ran towards him also joined in singing. The loud sound 
of the Kirtan made the air and the sky resounded with joy. This 
reminds us the day of Braja Lila, when the Gopis, the ardent lovers 
of Sri Krishna, ran towards him giving up all their household duties. 

Thus being encircled by Kirtan, he reached Tepakhola sitting in 
the same easy chair and carried on the shoulders by the devotees. 
The Hindus and Muslims, the young and the old, men and women, 

all followed him there. 

The joy of the devotees of Tepakhola who cherished the playmate 
attitude of Braja towards Prabhu knew no bounds. After a long 
separation, Sarkar Nitya Gopal, Basu Abinash, Mathur Karmakar, 
devoted Banku Nag, Rebati, all the five who almost gave up their 
food and sleep without him got him back in their midst. 

After staying there for a few days, absorbed in the Mahanam 
Kirtan, Prabhu also appeared to feel great joy and came back to nor- 
malcy. At times he smiled, at times he moved the body this way and 
that way in keeping pace with the rhythm of the music. He then re- 
turned to Goalchamat Sree Angan. 

Prabhu began to go out almost every day, on some day twice or 
thrice, along the Jessore Road or the different streets of the town or 
at a great distance. He went to Bakchar Sree Angan also, at the ar- 
dent desire of the devotees of that place. He stayed there for a few 
days amidst Kirtan. Harinam seemed to be life-giving food for his 
etheric body. 

There is a saying of Prabhu which runs : "Hariname deha hoy"- 
(Harinam goes to form the spiritual body in a person). Hence Kirtan 
singing in accompaniment of 'Khol' (earthen drums) and cymbals 
would always follow whenever he would go out. For about three 
years, this went on. He was carried on shoulders and sometimes on a 
cradle-like seat and sometimes pulled in a rick-shaw, by the 
Bhaktas. In the rainy season, he would generally be out in a boat 
with the Bhaktas, singing Kirtan on it. This would indeed remind one 
of Sree Krishna's sports on the Jamuna with the Braja Gopas. 

Crowds of people, men and women, would welcome him on both 
sides of the streets or on both sides of the river or the canal on his 
outings, with Hari Bol and 'Hulu' sounds by women. Holy Bhogs 
were offered and flowers and sandal-paste were placed on his feet. 

The scenes of his going out along the streets would remind one of 
Sree Krishna's pastimes with the cowherd boys while going to the 
pasture fields. We would be able to recognise him from a distance by 
his extraordinary yellow-complexion. We are all indeed Gopas, 
cowherd boys but not, of course, having the same purity of heart as 
of those Gopas. The very word 'Gopa' means a person who guards his 
senses. 'Go' while meaning a cow, also signifies 'senses' or Indriyas). 

If we can become like 'Gopas' then and then alone we can whole- 
heartedly join in pastimes with Govinda (the Lord of the senses). 

Kunjadas, kalashyam. Dhalashyam, Rakhal, Yagneswar, 
Nityasevak Mahendra and many others were drawn to him, who 
served him with their might. During this period he talked very little, 
and practically with none directly. He uttered meaningful words, but 
intelligible to few. 

Whenever he felt any flaw in any Bhakta or any one else present 
he shouted words vacantly, which few could understand why those 
were used. The word "Jaliaf (forger) was often-times used by him. 
How he had a strong eagerness for hearing Harinam at the time is 
evident from his uttering one day, — "One does not chant Harinam 
bur scratches like a tiger (nam karena, bagher mata Khamchay)" — 
when an attendant tried to cleanse his legs. His looks also were 
vacant. Nobody could say whether his looks were directed at an 
object. It could not be ascertained from his looks whether he was 
mentally in this world or not. 

Two years and eight months elapsed in this way. On the 17th of 
Bhadra, 1328 B.E. (New-moon day) Prabhu wanted to go out for a 
walk. His rickshaw stood before the steps of the pucca temple. 
Prabhu tried to get up from bed. Two Sevaks, Kaloshyam and 
Yogneswar, were there. Prabhu was being slipped. They tried to catch 
hold of him. But as fate would have it, Prabhu dropped down from 
their hands on the floor. As a result, the right thigh - bone of Prabhu 
was fractured. 

It is believed by the devotees that his fall and injury were pre- 
ordained, taking upon himself the destructive force of the Universe. 
In his work 'Chandrapat' he wrote on the last page of it, 22 years 
before — "Mahaghat Mahapat" - as the result of a great strike there 
will be the great fall (destruction). 

However, the Doctors Harihar, Tinkari and Satyaranjan, his 
devotees came from Calcutta and bandaged his wound. But the pain 
did not subside. A few days after, a quack came and said that he 
would cure Prabhu by tying the herbs, called "madhu' and 'madhuk'. 
This was also hinted by Prabhu in the same book as "Ha Madhu 
Madhuka dha dha chhi badha bidhan" - (Alas ! killing is brought 
about by the use of Madhu and Madhuka). The bandage was 

removed and the herbs were tied. The bhaktas allowed this out of 
their eagerness to see Prabhu cured soon. The result of tying this did 
actually prove disastrous. 

The pain of Prabhu' s broken limb continued as before. The swell- 
ing of the limb increased. Though cheerfulness did not leave his face, 
he told in a piteous tone, "Jiber janya eta Kasta" (so much pain for 
the creatures!). At noon, a little foam came out of the mouth and he 
was found to have no more breath. It was the full-moon day and 
Prabhu, the son of the Moon was seized by Rahu, as it were. 

The duty of people during this time was indicated by Prabhu on 
the third page of 'Chandrapat'-"Maha-Kirtan Prabhu Patan. Iti gan." 
The devotees began to sing Mahakirtan. 

Mahendrajee who was out on preaching was informed by a tele- 
gram. He hurried to Sree Angan, but could not believe that Prabhu 
could wind up his Lila so soon. He began to sing Mahakirtan with all 
the Bhaktas together. Loud sound of Kirtan arose for 13 days in Sree 
Angan around Prabhu' s sacred celestial body. For the first 6 or 7 
days, the body seemed to remain intact amidst the Kirtan but 
gradually some change was visible. The body was placed within the 
cavity ('Kandar') in a box of 'Mandur' tree. It became an abode 
('Sadan') of killing the cupid (Mara-sadan). "Kandar mandar mara- 
saadan sadan" — last page of Chandrapat. 

The kirtan which was continuously going on during these days 
came to a stop. It could be as Prabhu indicated in the last stanza of 
the Chandrapat, "Harinam he biram, parinam re anam, Bandhu 
vadh dwitiya ghatan". (Harinam is stopped, the end is thus without 
Nama i.e., the name of Hari and this is the second strike and killing 
of Bandhu). He says, "This is the second strike". The first strike must 
have been the fracture of knee. Prabhu, it appears, means to say 
that as a result of the 'Mahaghat' the first great strike, the 'Mahapat' 
(the great destruction of the body of flesh) came about, but he could 
survive this and continue to live in the body of bones, had there been 
no second strike in the shape of cessation of Harinam. And this, 
unkind act he called as 'Maha-Mrityu' (Great Death), which is the 
last word of the Chandrapat. 

Nearly a month after, the devotees came to senses about their duty 
which was the continuance of Harinam uninterrupted. 

They say that Sree-Radha passed through ten 'dasas' (stages) 
beginning from 'Chinta' (anxiety), the last of which was Death, that 
is, death-like stage arising out of pangs of separation from Sree 

Sree Gouranga Deb also passed through 12 stages for the same 
reason, the additional two being 'Akunchan' (contraction of the body) 
and 'Samprasarana' (expansion of the body). But the stage of Maha- 
Mrityu (great death) which Prabhu experienced was the thirteenth 
stage due to cessation of or separation from Harinam. 

This 'Maha Mrityu' stage has been fully explained by Dr. 
Mahanambrata Brahmachari, the learned devotee of Prabhu in his 
great commentary on the 'Maha Mrityu Ranga'. There it has been 
shown clearly how the thirteen stages of Love, which have been 
rightly called 'Maha Mrityu' by Prabhu, has the characteristic of 

(i) child-like simplicity — "Pancham barshiya sishu uddharane 
bhase" (a five year-child is manifest in the person of 
Uddharan, that is, suggestive transfiguration into present 
simplicity of a child, 

(ii) complete sweetness, bereft of any display of 'egotism' 
(Buddha Madhurya) and 

(iii) full absorption of the self into the charming sweetness of 
Harinam (Purna Tanmayata). 

Prabhu said to a devotee about his stages (dasa) that the devotee 
would see the thirteenth stage, this time. He also hinted at this 
stage of his in the three great books, written by him -(l)The 
Harikatha, (2) Chandrapat and (3) the Trikal. 

In the Harikatha, he has said while describing Gour Lila 
Suradhuni tate sthiti sada sankirtan priti Trayodas dasa asvadaney. 
(Page 23, 3rd Edition). 

(Living on the bank of Suradhuni, having always the delight in 
Sankirtan and enjoying the thirteenth Dasa (Stage). 

In the tenth Dasa of Sree Radhika, she experienced the state near- 
ing death, where the ten sense organs became defunct. In the I I th 
and 12th Dasa of Sree Gouranga, a little more than that dying stage 
was visible : Hands and feet entered into the body or bone-joints 
lengthened after the senses ceased to function. And finally in the 

thirteenth stage of Prabhu, called the Great Death, we could see 
some thing still further than that was seen in the twelfth Dasa. The 
body had finally become devoid of flesh, though internal feeling of 
deep ecstasies continued through all the stages. 

While Prabhu was closeted for long 16 years 8 months, the first 
characteristic of this thirteenth stage began to appear and 
'Balakatva' or 'Pancham Barsiya Sishutva' that is childlikeness was 
visible. While he came out and gave the opportunity of his touch and 
sight to all, the asbolute sweetness (Suddha Madhurya) was felt in 
addition and then while he fell into the Great Death of eternal sleep 
the third characteristic of full absorption of self in enjoying Divine 
bliss (Purna Tanmayatva) was visible in his body. 

We have said that the Kirtan, continued from a little before 
Prabhu' s accidental fall to the state of present 'Purna Tanmayatva' 
came to a halt as described above. But about a month after the 
cessation of Kirtan, on the third day after the new Moon, in Kartik, 
getting a hint from Prabhu' s writing - " Maha-Kirtan. Prabhu Patan. 
Iti Gan", the devotees, as said previously, took up their duty of 
singing the Maha-Kirtan, the meaning of this will be treated in the 

Matichhanna Mahendra gave the lead. Kunja Dasjee was his lieu- 
tenant in this. Gopidas, Premdas and many others were the earnest 
cadets. The singing of Mahanam went on constantly around the 
temple. It is still going on under the expert guidance of Dr. 
Mahanambrataji, the President of the Sree Angan Committee, after 
Mahendrajee's passing away in the year 1350 B.E. Prabhu' s words 
that not only men, but even bricks and stones, would feel the sweet- 
ness of Harinam are yet to be fulfilled. The devotees firmly believe in 
the ending of present 'Dasa' and his "Mahaprakas' (Great Mani- 
festation) in the fullness of time. But who knows when and how? 

A ppendix. 


Though Prabhu Jagadbandhu had said little and associated with 
few, we are fortunate to receive certain compositions from His pen. 
His earliest writings dated from 1292 B.E. He wrote several books of 
devotional songs, Padabali Kirtans and instructions to devotees and 
followers during the period from 1292-1309 B.E. while he was in 
Pabna. Brahmankanda, Bakchar or Calcutta. Prabhu gave those to 
Suresh Chakravarty for printing and publishing. Those are as follows 

(1) (Sreemati) Sankirtan :- this is a book of songs, which was 
publihsed in Sravan, 1307 B.E. , as we see in its preface. Prabhu 
gave the songs to Suresh Ch. Chakravarty for publication under this 
name. There were 27 songs in it. Most of those were on Gour Lila. It 
included 'Prabhati' Kirtana (Songs of Dawn), such as, "Utha Utharay 
Guru Gouranga bolay" (Rise Ho, rise, uttering Guru and Gouranga) . 
This was very popular of his song-books and it went through 5 
editions from 1307 to 1331 B.E. 1 

(2) Padavali Kirtan :- this was a book of Kirtan songs on Braja Lila 
and Gour Lila. The first two lines of a song is given :- 

"Kripa pava braje Yaba, amani pashiba Sree Brindaban. Kunje 
mege khabo, guna gabo berava bane bane". 

(Getting grace, I shall go to Braja and enter Sree Vrindaban at 
once. I shall beg from one Kunja to another, shall sing sweet quali- 
ties of Krishna, and shall roam from forest to forest). Its first edition 
was brought out in 1322 B.E. 

(3) Nam-Sankirtan :- This contains the famous Kirtan songs "Esa 
esa Navadwipa rai, ding jan dakche he tomay". This was the first 
song in the book. Its second edition appeared in sravan, 1324 B.E. 

(4) Bividha Sanqit :- This is a collection of Prabhu's songs which 
was published by Suresh Babu as late as Chaitra, 1322 B.E. This 
contained some of his earliest writings as well as writings of later 

Then Suresh Babu took up his three great works, the first two of 
which were songs :- 

(1) Hari-katha . We learn from the introduction of its publisher, 
Sree Suresh Chandra Chakravarty that this lyric was finished by 
Sree Sree Prabhu in Pouch, 1306 B.E. The first edition was brought 
out in a few months. It contained a good mumber of difficult words 
and enigmatical portions. Prabhu used to say that its readers would 
become as dirtless (white) as ice and laid stress on its being read 
daily. It also was a book written on the Braja and Gour Lilas. It 
contained several complete Lilas, in addition to several excellent 
songs, called 'Prarthana' (prayers), 'Dainya Bodhika' (Prayers 
implying humility of the mind). One song of this kind runs thus, — 
"Bishay asibish, bhaja aharnis, adure antaka-dor"- (Take and enjoy 
the poisonous property and wealth day and night, but the noose of 
death is not far off.). The complete Lilas described are 'Suval-Milan'., 
"Nauka Vilas', 'Gostha' etc. If we particularly mark the songs, we 
note that Prabhu intended to wipe away the corruptions that crept 
into the so-called followers of vaisnav religion. (In "Suval-Milan", one 
calf is introduced to Sreemati to cover her breasts, for breasts she 
had none. She was but eight or nine years old at the time of Rash- 
Lila as we learn from the Sreemad-Bhagvat and the Braja Lila came 
to an end when Sree Krishna was eleven years and eight months 

One peculiar feature of His composition was the use of many 
difficult and unforeseen words, meanings of which one cannot know 
even after passing M.A. in Sanskrit. Whence could Prabhu know 
these? Another feature of His books was that He did not change a 
single word or syllable when He wrote these. Such was his extraordi- 
nary talent. Even the world famous Rabindranath, as we see in the 
photo-prints of some of his writings, had corrected and changed, 
words, compositions as he wrote. 

The enigmatical syllables and words ending in 'Anusvar' and 
visarga' mean rhythmic tuning or that all these mean the root notes 
for God's names. 

(2) Chandrapat - The second complete song-book of His is 
Chandrapat (Descent of the Moon). It means mainly His ownself in 
differerent ecstatic stages or dasas. Herein he used the word 'Pat' or 
~Patan' in different senses in different places. Those are descent, fall, 
down-fall, and destruction. It is also an enigmatical book, composed 
in 1306 B.E. by Prabhu. He spoke to some of his devotees that he 

came on this earth by composing his body with the cow's (earth's) 
tears and the moon's nectar. He therefore called himself 'Chandra- 
putra' in this book. 

(3) Trikal - It Was composed before his being closeted in the temple 
in Ashar, 1309 B.E. It contains more than three hundred aphorisms, 
most of which are enigmatical and contains information about the 
three Ages, viz : the past, present and future. It helps us understand 
many lines of the Chandrapat, as for example, the meaning of the 
word 'kit' could not be understood without Trikal, where it is written 
"Jib-ke kit Kahe" - (a creature is called a kit) "Ban-ke sristi kahe" 
(the word 'ban' means creation). The book gives information about 
worldly matters also, which signifies that the people should also get 
rid of worldly miseries. Another aphorism runs :- "Raja nai praja 
achhe" (there is no Monarch but only subjects), apparently hinting at 
the Independence that was to come. 

We get an idea of the Ideal communism from this book. This 
communism does not suggest equal distribution of wealth alone, but 
of the heart too. He did not want to bring the high to the lower level 
and thus make all equal, but he wanted to raise the lower to the 
higher level through Kirtan songs and moral tenets, thus to establish 
a Religion of love and truthfulness for all. "Satyatake dharma kahe" 
says he. It means Truthfulness is synonymous with Dharma. He fur- 
ther says, "Manavjati Devatas" (Humanism is Divinity or godliness) 
i.e. Mankind is to be elevated as a single unit collectively. Thus the 
whole world might be cemented with Love so that all people can 
remain in peace, accord and happiness. 


We have earlier in this book referred to some of his teachings and 
instructions to his young followers and to others also. While we 
discuss more of these, we should consider for whom they were 
meant.- We should therefore analyse them in the following parts - (i) 
For young followers, (ii) For Sannyasi followers, (iii) For particular 
individuals, and (iv) For all in general i.e. Universal. 

His teachings, oral and written, have been printed in book-for as 
(1) Prabhur Adesh Upadesh, (ii) Bandhu Veda Vani and (iii) Premer 
Vani etc. 

According to the maxim "Apani achari dharma, jibere sikhay", he 
practised what he preached. He wants every one to lead a life of 
sacredness in body and thought, of love and truthfulness, attainable 
through Harinam. He practised all these in life fully. 

(1) Instructions to young followers :- (In addition to those al- 
ready given). 

(i) Mind is usually fickle and it is in no way to be given 
indulgence to. 

(ii) Stand on your own legs. 

(iii) Evil company is to be shunned by all means. 

(iv) Do not use articles, clothes or bedding of another. 

(v) Avoid coming in physical touch with anyone. 

(vi) Do not be of vacant mind and muse on God always. 

(vii) Never take non-vegetable diet. 

(viii) Sit erect. 

(2) To Sannyasi followers :- 

(i) You are to remain engrossed in musing God day and 

(ii) Uttering of God's name 'Japa' and thinking thereof are 
the only things to be resorted to by all. It is the way of 
liberation from the worldly bondage. 

(iii) Sight or touch of a woman indeed begets moral fall. 

(iv) Eating too much is a disease called Gluttony. 

(v) Indifference to the world is spiritual luck. 

(vi) Marriage is bondage to passion & disintegration in life. 

(3) To particular individuals :- 

(i) Decision need not be taken merely on emotion. 

(ii) Utter Hari's name a lac of times daily. 

(iii) Give up salt of all kinds, bathe thrice. 

(iv) Do Tahal Kirtans with other companions towards the 
close of night. 

(v) He who does not get peace in his family life does not 
get it even after giving it up. 

(4) To all in general - 

(i) Men become dark as a result of sins. They do not take 
the name of Hari, so they become like carcases. 

(ii) If truth is adhered to, 'Sankarshan' will give strength 
to the soul. Begin (be 'Prabartak'), then you will get 

(iii) None should take anything without offering it to Sree 
Krishna Chaitanya. 

(iv) You speak of society and society, but soul of society is 
'Jiva' in whom Nityananda (God of constant joy) dwells 
always. Never hurt it. Be therefore kind to all 

(v) Dharma is internal conscience. (If we are guided by our 
dictates of conscience, which is private i.e., in the 
heart of hearts, we cannot commit any misdeed. The 
Christians call it God's voice). 


Prabhu Jagadbandhu and his philosophy is one and identical and 
revealed in his immortal composition 'Harikatha'. Harikatha writes, 
— "Lilai Uddharan batey (Lila is indeed emancipation). We come to 
understand that Prabhu showed in his life's actions (Lila), which 
were in themselves ennobling, that exactly was in keeping with the 
Bhagavata Sloka-"Bhajate tadrisi krira ya srutva tatparobhavet" - 
(God in his Lila performs such acts that would draw mankind 
towards him). 

God comes here. We know that from two slokas of the Gita, "Yada 
Yadahi dharmasya glani etc". He may come again and again into this 
world if Dharma becomes polluted and to protect the pious at his 
will. Towards the end of Dwapara Yuga he came as Krishna. For the 
sake of enjoying the thrill of joy he had within him, he separated his 
enchanting power from him as Radha. For exalting and enriching the 
enjoyment of Sri Krishna, Sree Radha had sixteen more Kayabyuhas, 

counter forms of Her. 

One can gather a glimpse of Prabhu's Philosophy from his writings 
and sayings, mainly from the Harikatha and his long instructions to 
his dear devotee, Hari Roy of Pabna, from the message sent to 
Maharshi Devendra Nath Tagore of Calcutta. A book 'Hari Purush 
Dhyan Mangal: of Dr. Mahanambrata Brahmachari M.A. Ph. D. (Chi- 
cago), the learned follower of Prabhu, may be of great help. 

To come back to the point. Sree Krishna came as described above. 
He did Lila, which was ennobling but he was so much engrossed in 
tasting the joy of Lila that he forgot to distribute it to the world. 
Hence he came again as Gouranga in the form of Radha-Govinda 
combined with three more kayabyuhas of Sree Radha, viz, Brinda, 
Kunda, and Lalita tasting the height of Radha's love and thus repay- 
ing the debt of Radha's love by preaching Harinam. 

In the "Harikatha" we find that all the remaining Kayabyuhas of 
Sree Radha, together with seven more powerful aspects of Braja Lila, 
viz, Yumuna Devi, Bana Devi etc. combined five in each to assume 
the forms of Gouranga, Nityananda, Adwaita, Sribash and Gadadhar, 
and thus 25 'Tatvas' of Braja-Lila combined in five to give 
completeness to Navadwip Lila. 

Gouranga said that this name would spread everywhere, in every 
village and in every town of the world (Prithivitey achhe yata 
nagaradi gram etc.). But these words did not come fully true during 
the Lila of Sree Gouranga. Hence to fulfil this saying and also to fulfil 
his promise to his devotees and to mother Sachirani in GourLila he 
has come again as "Jagad-Bandhu", combining all the five tatvas of 
Gour-Lila in himself. He said in English one day to one of his 
devotees "I am the Lila-combination of all things" and said in Bengali 
on another occasion "I am 'Ekak (One, combining all i.e. synthesis of 
all in one)." This is how Godhead has evolved gradually in the Lila 
(Sport divine). 

In the Chaitanya-Bhagvat we find that Gour promised to his devo- 
tees that he has two more manifestations of this kind in which 
"Kritan — celestial joy" will be evident (Aye mato achhe aro dui 
avatar, Kirtanananda rup haive amar). His promise to mother, as 
recorded in the same book, was that he would appear very soon as 
her son again, for partaking in Sankirtan (Haiva tomar putra ami 

abilamvay) . 

We are confident that in the person of 'Jagad-Bandhu' he has 
fulfilled that. His form, his merits, his actions, prove that it was 
Gouranga that had come again. The position of the stars at the time 
of his descent on earth and the disclosure of his own to his devotees 
on several, occasions prove that He is really Hari. He, Votary of 
Truth throughout life, could not utter a lie. Jagad-Bandhu' s Lila may 
be divided into two parts. In the first part he distributes Harinam in 
various ways up to the 31st year of his age. In the second part, he 
mainly enjoys himself (Haripurusha) and imparts power to protect 
the earth from destruction. In this part, he was in 'Gambhira' for 
about 17 years approaching to the state of full 'Tanmayatva' (en- 
grossment) in tasting the holy sweetness of Harinam). After confine- 
ment in Gambhira he came out and remained for three years before 
being succumbed to "Great Death" (Maha Mrityu). Alas ! in this 
condition he was without any outward expression of enjoyment of 

The name of 'Jagad-Bandhu' also offers a joyful study. While Gour 
Hari withdrew his Lila at Puri, he merged himself into the idol of 
Jagannath (no other than Sree Krishna), also called " JagadBandhu" . 
And when Gour came to complete his mission of his former Lila, he 
took the same name and form (seated in Padmasan posture with two 
hands drawn cross -wise over the chest) resembling the form of 
Jagannath in which his legs and feet seemed disappeared from the 
body (out of divine joy on hearing the greatness of Sree Radha's all 
embracing love). The cy Jaannath form is a symbolical wooden form 

God-head as described in the Upanisad "Apani-pado Jabano 
grahita etc." - (He moves and catches, even though without legs and 
hands etc.). Prabhu Jagad-Bandhu never went to Puri, though he 
had been to all other holy places of India. He said to a devotee that 
his body would melt away if he had gone there. This also signifies 
that he is no other than the reincarnated Lord Gouranga. In his 
'Trikal' Prabhu Jagad Bandhu wrote : "Harinam is Prabhu Jagad- 
Bandhu transfigured". 

Harinam is not different from Prabhu Jagad Bandhu as the very 

earthly antitype. In Braja Lila Sree Radha, the most delighting power 
of Lord Sree Krishna (Hladini Sakti) and Krishna himself are not 
different as spiritual blending of one Root Reality. Sri Krishna de- 
sired to be in the place of Radha for enjoyment of Self. In GourLila, 
the five Tatvas are not different from one another, while in "Bandhu- 
Lila", where the five Tatvas are combined in him alone, the Harinam 
is not different from Prabhu Jagad-Bandhu basically. Hence he has 
the greatest longing for. Harinam. He passed into the stage of 'Great 
Death' for the erstwhile want of Harinam. He piteously exclaimed to 
Bhaktas before self confinement, "Will not anybody protect me with 
chanting the name of Hari".? 

According to Prabhu Jagadbandhu "Harinam is the eternal sub- 
stance of the very creation. He, therefore, cannot be different from 
the creative force of Harinam. Harinam is superior to the embodi- 
ment of Hari, even in respect of powerfulness. Ram killed Ravana in 
his divine Lila. But his name ever kills Ravana i.e. the evils depriving 
men's devotion i.e., abducting Bhakti-Sita in them. Sree Krishna in 
his person killed several demons, such as Agha, Baka, Kansha etc., 
while his heart remaining always in Vrindaban, a safe and peaceful 
garden, where Krishna's flute can be heard ringing in melodious har- 
mony. Prabhu Jagad-Bandhu did many beneficial deeds to many 
thirsty souls, and his holy name can likewise find a friendly echo 
throughout the whole world. 

Let us now see how Prabhu Jagad Bandhu taught what is the 
highest achievement for man and in what way that can be effected 
and tasted in life for eternal peace. While speaking of the Ultimate 
Reality of the Universe, Prabhu begins from the incarnation of God in 
the form of Fish. He calls it the beautiful Manju. Above this Manju 
the beautiful, he gives 'Kambu' the sound-maker Tortoise. Above 
thisKumbha the sound maker is Vishnu, incarnated as the perfect 
man "Ramchandra". Vishnu is not the Vishnu of Baikuntha, though 
sound equivocal. Above this Vishnu is Jisnu the ever-victorious, in- 
carnated as Vasudeb (not Sree Krishna of Vrindaban). Above this 
Jisnu is Bidhu, the Narayan of Baikuntha. Above this Bidhu is Birat, 
the wide protector, who is as wide as having the head pervading the 
skies with his naval centring this earth and the feet overspreading 
the seven Nether Lands. Above this Birat is Turiya the fourth, who 
with weapons destroys everything. Above this T-iriya is Brahman, 

whose semblance is palpable in sounds like "Orn", "Ming" etc. Above 
this Brahman is Paramatma or Parabrahman, the transendental su- 
per soul who is the creator of Heaven and Earth. 

This Paramatma is the terminus or goal of the material phenom- 
enal world, as it is itself the creator and vanishes at the Great and 
final Dissolution or Disintegration as the Root Law of Laws of this 
cosmic Universe. Paramatma is not one but manifold. Each creation 
or created universe has a Paramatma. Krishna, the ultimate Reality 
is the Lord of endless crores of creations, therefore, of endless 
Paramatmas. These Paramatmas, though they have the magic power 
of creation and dissolution, have no power of taking away the sins of 
the earth, i.e., upholding 4 rescuing the earth by purging it of sins. 
Krishna, the attributeless and essence of all sweetness alone can do 

He comes on earth with divine attributes and remaining the same 
in his own absolute fullness (Purnasya purnamadaya purnameva 
basisyate). Whenever he comes down he is to be recognised with 
"Vishnu-Signs" borne on his Person. Apart from this qualified Form, 
he can be seen and realised here on earth in the form of his very 
Name when sung and even when he is not expressed in his earthly 
Lila or divine sport (Yei nam sei Krishna, Bhaja nistha Kari). There- 
fore, when a devotee dances the dance-divine of divine love in raptur- 
ous esctasy and gestures with the music of holy Sankirtan he can 
verily see the Lord Krishna in his right Form & Spirit. 

The devotee must be in quest of that exquisite Form, which excels 
infinite, all the known beautiful forms of this earth. Hence we must 
be shutting our eyes, that is, we must not gaze at any other thing of 
beauty of the earth, which often misleads and deludes us. Prabhu 
has, therefore, said "Vajhya lakshya tyag Kare" (Forsake gazing at 
trash external things). "Gaze therefore, friend! only inwardly on the 
really beautiful, the Beauty of Beauties". To return to the 
Paramatma's region, those boundary is known as Biraja, i.e. the po- 
tential plane which can be called the Mayatita Region. Biraja is, 
therefore, the boundary line between creation and non-creation. Sree 
Krishna, the Lord of that region or state, had the desire of being 
many and enjoy (taste) himself by holding divine sport with his own 
creation, both animals & plants. 

- But just as mango-seed of Malda District, when planted in any 
other district, fruits cannot be compared to those of original Malda 
district and be mixed up therewith, so Jivas also cannot mix with the 
Lord even when he comes down because of our impurities, carnal 
desires and aspiration for things other than him ("anyabhinives") 
though he, as Krishna, always attracts. Though originally of pure 
nature and subsequently affected with dirt or impurities he cannot 
attract us as a magnet cannot attract iron being covered with rust. 

The purer we shall be in spirit the more our attachments to 
worldly objects will be neutralised. When all earthly desires would 
evaporate and our mind would steadfastly be fixed on Hari alone 
(Ananyaschintayanta,) he will meet all our needs (Yoga Ksheman 
Bahamy aham) . 

The state of purity of the body and the mind is to be attained by 
taking Sattik (pure) food for the body as well as for the senses and 
having good thoughts for purity of mind. The eyes and the ears must 
not see or hear anything ugly nor the hands and the feet do anything 
wrong. We must take Sattwik food by offering it to Govinda, the Lord 
of the senses, thinking that he is residing in the heart ("Iswara 
Sarvabhutanam hrididesse Arjuna tisthati-Gita"). While we put any- 
thing in the mouth we must say "0 Krishna! be thou pleased to par- 
take it". Thus life will be full of holy sweetness and we would always 
live and walk in piety with him, on earth. 


(i) In Gouranga-Lila, Jagai and Madhai were the two vilest per- 
sons, whom he delivered. Whereas in the Bandhu-Lila he 
befriended and delivered thousands of such villains like Jagai 
and Madhai in the persons of the Bunas of Faridpur and Dom 
community people of Rambagan and Beadon Street, Calcutta. 
Jagai and Madhai were Brahmins with some learning, who held 
no low position in society. 

(ii) In Gouranga-Lila he had married twice whereas in this Lila 
Prabhu remained a lifelong Brahmachari. 

(iii) Sri Gouranga accepted Sannyas to show grace to the deriding 
Pandits, whereas in his Lila Prabhu wanted to deliver the 
crippled and decrepit in order to give an opportunity to all, to 
come to him and touch him freely. 

(iv) In Gambhira, Gouranga Deva tasted the sweetness of Holy 
Harinam in the company of Swarupa and Ramananda and 
coming out in public almost daily, whereas in this Lila Prabhu 
remained in Gambhira all alone and not coming out in public 
at all, at least for the first twelve years. 

(v) Gouranga Deva composed only "Sikshastaka" i.e. eight San- 
skrit Slokas, Prabhu composed several most valuable books, 
giving a true picture of Braja. Gour and Bandhu Lilas, in 
addition to a good many spiritual songs and moral codes of life. 

(vi) In Braja Lila, he had yellow robe and in Gour Lila he accepted 
saffron coloured cloth, whereas in Bandhu-Lila we see him 
ultimately all naked with no cloth on. Thus a marked evolution 
of spiritual excellency is noticed. 

(vii) In Bandhu Lila, Kirtan-songs along the streets, besides Kirtans 
at different places, were more numerous and much larger than 
those in Gour-Lila.We may recall those, sung at Faridpur, 
Calcutta and other places. 


The present Sevaks of Prabhu maintain and protect with great 
reverence the relics of his Great Sacred Body which now consists of 
mere bones. But these were first carefully preserved in the temple 
where he lived at Gambhira closeted for long 17 years and thereafter 
in Mahendra Bandhu Angan, Ghurni, Krishnagar where Mahanam 
kirtan is being sung continuously without any break with the belief 
that he is still continuing to enjoy the thrilling climax of the thir- 
teenth state ("Trayodas dasa asvadane") in this bony Frame. They got 
the inspiration of his non-disintegration from some of his writings, 
as said before. One quotation, not given above runs thus -- 
"Ichchadhin Avatar ki bhoire . Bandhu nai, na-na-na, kiva roi re" (As 
an incarnation comes at will, what fear is there therefore? And even 
when he has come as Bandhu, it is not that he has ceased to exist, 

No, no, no, in that case, what else will remain?) 

They therefore serve him still as he was served when in flesh and 
blood. They used to bathe him and serve the Bhog offering to him, 
etc. But the best service to him is the singing of his name before him 
as taught by him. 

He said "Harinam forms the body" (Hariname deha Hai)" and in the 
Chandrapat he had directed codes of duty for the sevaka as said 
before. When there will be actual destruction of his body of flesh 
(Prabhu-Patan), the following Maha-Kirtan is to be sung. Under the 
heading "Mahakirtan Prabhu patan Iti-gan", he writes 

Hari Jagad-bandhu Mahauddharan. 

Charihasta Chandra-putra ha kitapatan. 

(Prabhu Prabhu Prabhu hey) (Anantananta-mayo) 

In another place of the same book he has said, "Hari Hari Hari 
Kao, Mahanam, Mahanam" say Hari-Hari-Hari, in the Mahanam 
Form. They got the same direction from his "Trikal" wherein he says, 
"As soon as the word "Hari" is uttered, Hari-Purush appears, and as 
soon as the words "Hari-Purush Uddharan" are uttered, Uddharan 

These devotees, who style themselves as Mahanam Sampraday are 
singing the above Mahakirtan at Faridpur Sree Angan day and night 
from the third day after the new moon of Kartik, 1328 B.E. as we 
have learnt. The President of the present Sree Angan Committee is 
Dr. Mahanambrata Brahmachari. 

The Mahakirtan is the Kirtan-form of the Mahanam as we un- 
derstand from the sutras of Trikal. There it is said that the first name 
of the Mahanam is "Jagad-bandhu", the middle name is "Purush" and 
the last Hari'. Therefore the ascending order of the Mahanam is 
"Jagad-bandhu Purush Hari", which when uttered or sung in the de- 
scending order is 'Hari Purush Jagad-bandhu'. It is further said in 
the very book that 'Maha Uddharan' as well as Anantananta' are 
also Mahanams. Therefore the remaining words of the Maha Kirtan, 
which are between "Maha Uddharan' and Anantanantamayo' are in- 
cluded in the Mahanams. 

Now let us try to understand the meaning of this Maha Kirtan. The 
writer has made an attempt to signify the same in detail in Bengali in 

his 'Mahanam Mahakirtan Asvadan'. Here it is stated in short thus 

All the words in the Mahakirtan are vocatives. We shall call him 
Hari. Prabhu has said that Hari includes all the names and forms of 
God in it and just as the 'Om' is the seed form of God's name, so is 
Hari synonymous, powerful form of OM. In the Bible we find, the 
beginning there was word, the word was with God and the word was 
God". Thus the word (name) and God (nami) are identical. Anyway we 
must call Him Hari. It comes from the root *Hari', therefore it means 
the stealer, a stealer not only of butter, but of butter-like soft hearts 
also. If the heart remains hard, as that of the writer, the vilest of 
creatures, Hari does not steal it. Hari also steals i.e. removes all evils 
of the utterer of his name. Thinking all these within the mind, the 
name Hari is to be uttered. Then the name 'Purush' (one who lives in 
the heart) is the same as described in the Vedas. (vide Rk Veda- 10th 
Mandal) as well as called 'Purushottam' in the Gita. He is the only 
'Purush' (or Proton, the generative Motion), anything else in the 
Phenomenal Universe being 'Prakriti' (or Electron) - the Positive and 
Negative Poles of Electric Motion causing germination of both Plant 
and Animal life in the unity of the process of evolution in nature and 
Sri Krishna therefore imply the complementary Motion of Natural 
Evolution. Then again Hari and Purush as a compound word "Hari- 
purush" is to mean an incarnation of Hari in History as narrated in 
the Bhagavat Purana. 

Then comes the Lord Jagad-bandhu, a Friend of the world, as the 
Saviour. How sweet is he, the Friend of the world, not a father, not a 
son, but the unique friend, implying all earthly relations in it. 

Then again he is not a secluded friend of only one individual but of 
the whole world collectively including even the sinners and sufferers. 
It is realised that he is not separate from Jagannath, who is also 
called "Jagad-bandhu", the Friend of Heaven and Earth. 

Then we should call him by the name of 'Maha Uddharan'. He is 
not an ordinary saviour; but the Great Saviour, as it appeared from 
his actions and intentions. He is in this age combined with Nitai, the 
great bestower of divine love and other associates of the historical 
Gour-Lila. Therefore he is the mightiest of the mighty in Lila-the 
divine sport. The world now being most fallen And depraved requires 
his Grace for redemption. 

"Charihasta' means one having the height of four cubits. In Lila 
Prabhu was of four cubits height, whereas, ordinary men have a 
height of three and a half cubits. But the word has other 
significances too. Charihasta, as a "Bahubrihi" compound, means 
same as Chaturbahu, Chaturbhuja, etc. i.e. Vishnu the preserving 
force in nature. Sree Krishna had four hands when born which he 
withdrew when prayed for by his parents - Basudeva and Devaki. 

Now, we take up the word 'Chandra-putra' the meaning of which is 
the son of the moon. Chandra radically means the delighter. We 
know that Prabhu had a delightful face, emitting occasionally from 
his body a heavenly sweet smell. Prabhu expressed to some devotees 
that Cow's (Earth's) weeping made up his body lustrous like moon- 
beams. He, therefore, can rightly be called the son or issue of the 

The words "Ha Kitapatan" seem to be a bit puzzling to many. From 
Trikal we can understand that 'Kit' means 'Jiva', devoid of divine 
grace. A 'Jiva' is called so perhaps on account of its downward 
tendencies. Taking the word 'Kitapatan' as a "Bahubrihi" compound, 
we understand that Prabhu has come down for 'Kits' to rescue and to 
purify them. The word 'Ha' is exclamation of sorrow, used in piteous 

Now we take up the last words : "Prabhu Prabhu Prabhu hay". 
"Hay" is a vocative interjection. He is "Prabhu" meaning the Lord. 
The word is repeated thrice to lay special stress on it. He, though 
"Purush" and "Bandhu" is truly our Lord. There should be no doubt 
about it. He is our master, hence we must not be conceited. We must 
remember that he is the fountain-head of all strength. We are but his 
servants, and belong to him alone. We, therefore, must not be ser- 
vants of our senses. Remembering all these implications of the word, 
we must utter "Prabhu Prabhu Prabhu hay". 

Thus calling and invoking his infinite power the great Kirtan is 
ended. It is 'Anantanantamoy'. 'Ananta-nanta' as a "Bahubrihi" com- 
pound means the same as Anantanantamoy. The first Ananta' in 
"Ananta-nantamoy' means 'infinite' or 'endless' and the second 
"Ananta' is Vishnu of endless power. Prabhu also said in his "Trikal" 
that "Ananta" is a name for God but Anantananta is the great Name. 
In the same book it has been said in a place that "Ananta" means 

crores (Koti-koti) which is therefore endless. Prabhu, therefore, being 
the 'Lila Combination of all things' is so powerful as 
"Anantanantamoy 1 . The suffix 'Moya' indicates 'form of, i.e. Prabhu is 
the unique form of endless Ananias (Vishnus). 

Constant singing of this "Mahanam" in the Mahakirtan form is 
being directed and managed by the Mahanam Sampradaya under the 
guidance of the great devotee, Mahanambrataji. This they call 
"Mahanam-yajna 1 . We know the strength of Kirtan. Prabhu has also 
said that "Kirtan" does good to the regions of the Fourteen worlds. 

We also know from modern science that sound energy when 
concentrated to a place may kill germs of serious diseases. Science 
has also demonstrated clearly that sound energy is not destructible. 

The Radio transmissions are proof of that. Sound is eternal in 
cyclic motion. Hence the Great Kirtan that is going on at Faridpur, is 
indeed killing or counter-acting the destructive forces that were 
ready to bring about 'Pralay' (Dissolution). This fear of dissolution of 
the Jagat (world) has been neutralised by the Advent of Jagad- 
bandhu. But sorrows and sufferings would enhance and be 
prolonged. The world had to suffer the consequences of Two Great 
Wars and the like. But the fear of evil destruction is still there and to 
prevent and counteract that, spreading of Kirtan or Maha-kirtan is 
absolutely necessary. 

Mere narration of form or qualities or the Lila of Hari also prevents 
the evil by its purifying effect in the minds of people, Prabhu has 
said in his Chandrapat, "For emancipation you must be pure in your 
very self (Atma-such] uddharane). In Hari-katha he has said that 
Harinam must be preached if the creation is to be protected. Taking 
recourse to these sayings, Mahanambrata Brahmachariji, the 
present head of the "Mahanam Sampradaya" is preaching the name 
of Hari and its spiritual significance and values as his mission of 
humanistic service throughout India and even outside it. 

He went on lecture tour to different cities of America and Europe 
for about six years. He is now on tour all over India, specially in 
Bengal with this mission. His expositions are unprecedentedly simple 
and graphic. Just as Prabhu tried to preach the real Vaisnavism by 
his writings and teachings, so is he doing by his speeches. His expo- 
sition of Krishna Lila and Gour Lila is simply marvellous. He is re- 

ceived with great enthusiasm wherever he goes. People show no signs 
of satiety in hearing his lectures. They want to hear more and more 
from him. 

There was another great devotee of Prabhu rendering great service 
in preaching his ideals and teachings. He was Gopi Bandhu 
Brahmachari. He used to sing Pad-Kirtans composed by Prabhu and 
also Lila Kirtan from Hari-Katha, and of other Pada-Kartas. 

His performance of Kirtan in accompaniment of Mridanga and 
cymbal and interpretation of the inner ideas contained in Padabali 
were highly commendable. He with the assistance of Mahanambrataji 
brought out a detailed life history of Prabhu Jagadbandhu, named 
" Sri Sri Bandhulila Tarangini "in ten volumes, now the entire book is 
published in a single volume. 

The activities of the Brahmacharis, Sevaks and devotees of Sree 
Angan were indeed worthy of praise. They had practically no longing 
for name, fame or material possession. Plain living and high spiritual 
thinking, as was practised by Sripad Mahendraji, were the sole ob- 
jective and ideal of their lives. Daily worship, Bhajan, Kirtan and 
other rituals, in accordance with the teachings of Prabhu 
Jagadbandhu, were performed by them without failure and with 
utmost devotion. The annual functions, such as Advent Anniversary 
of Prabhu Jagadbandhu, Bandhu Basanti festival etc. were duly 
observed. Thousands of devotees used to come from different parts of 
India to attend and enjoy the functions. Nama Sankirtan Mahayajna 
was the principal aspect of the festivals. The world afflicted with 
sorrows and sufferings, dissensions and wars, is heading towards a 
state of total annihilation which can alone be prevented by Harinama 
Kirtan, as prophesied by Prabhu. 

In those festive occasions, Kirtan was sung day and night, reli- 
gious discourses by great personalities, like Sree jai Nitai, Sree Atul 
Champati and Sree Ramesh Chakravarty were held and the 
emotional fervour arising out of holy union of local devotees and 
those arrived from outside filled the atmosphere to such an extent 
that the minds of all participants there were charged with 
supramundane delight and celestial bliss. The festival of each 
subsequent years experienced presence of overwhelming number of 
devotees swelling in Sree Angan. The intensity of devotional feelings 

in them appeared to be the precursor of the event that the next 
Mahaprakash or Great Manifestation of Prabhu Jagadbandhu is not 
far off. We stand behind all the devotees who are anxiously looking 
forward for the days when we can enjoy immense pleasure in the 
divine presence of Prabhu Jagadbandhu, the Greatest Friend of 
mankind and then it will usher in an era of more lasting peace, 
prosperity and pleasantness in the Globe than that can be thought 

Victory to Prabhu Jagadbandhu and Mahanam Yajna. "Jay 
Mahauddharan Lila" 

The End